, 1694-1774, French economist, founder of the physiocratic school. A physician to Louis XV, he did not begin his economic studies until 1756, when he wrote the articles "Fermiers" [farmers] and "Grains" for the Encyclopédie.
His chief work was the Tableau économique
[economic table] (1758), said to have been printed by the king's own hands. Quesnay and his followers believed that the Tableau
summed up the natural law of economy. Quesnay and the other physiocrats
greatly influenced the thought of Adam Smith. Quesnay's works have been collected in Œuvres économiques et philosophiques
(with biographical studies and introduction, 1888).
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