is a collective name for several genera of mid-sized birds
in the pheasant
, or in the family Odontophoridae
. New World quails
are not closely related but named for their similar appearance and behaviour. Buttonquails
are in a different family (Turnicidae
) and are not true quails.
Quails are small, plump terrestrial birds. They are seed
eaters but will also take insects
and similar small prey. They nest on the ground and are capable of short, rapid bursts of flight. Some species such as the Japanese and Common Quail are migratory
and fly for long distances. Some quail are farmed in large numbers. The Japanese Quail (or coturnix quail) is kept mostly to produce eggs.
Species in taxonomic order