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Qiqihar

Qiqihar

[chee-chee-hahr]
Qiqihar or Tsitsihar, city (1994 est. pop. 1,104,100), S central Heilongjiang prov., China, a port on the Nen River near the Da Hinggan Mts. It is connected by rail with Harbin, Shenyang (Mukden), and Dalian (Dairen) and is a processing center for soybeans, grain, and sugar beets. Manufactures include steel, locomotives, diesel engines, machine tools, wood and paper products, and cement. Qiqihar was founded in 1691 as a Chinese fortress and was formerly the capital of Hejiang and Heilongjiang provs. The name sometimes appears as Ch'i-ch'i-ha-erh.
齐齐哈尔市
Qíqíhā'ěr Shì
Administration Type Prefecture-level city
Area 42,469 km²
Population (2005)
 - Metropolitan area
6,011,000
1.438,550
GDP
- Total
- Per Capita
 
¥
¥
Major Nationalities Han, Manchu, Mongol, Hui
County-level divisions 16
Township-level divisions ?
Area code 0452
Postal Code 161000
License Plate Prefix 黑B
Qiqihar (Manchu: Cicigar hoton) is a major city in the Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China. It has 895,000 inhabitants. These are mainly Han Chinese and the resident minorities are, among others, Manchu, Daur, and Mongolians. Close to Qiqihar are numerous wetlands and the Zhalong Nature Reserve, famous in China for being home to numerous red-crowned cranes.

History

Qiqihar is one of the oldest cities in the northeast of China and was founded in 1691. From 1931 until 1945 it was an important military base for the Japanese control of northeastern China, going by the name Tsitsihar. During the occupation, the Imperial Japanese Army established in Qiqihar the chemical resarch unit 516 for chemical warfare.

A major mustard gas tank leftover from the Second Sino-Japanese War buried underground was accidentally damaged in 2003. It caused major injuries and one death.

Geography

The population is about 6.011 million, where 1.438,550 (January 1, 2005) people live in the city. The area is 4.310 km²; 42.469 km² including suburbs. It is about 146 m above sea level and the annual rainfall is 415 mm. Average temperature is 3.2°C (January -25.7°C, July 22.8°C). Qiqihar is a principal Chinese city, the second largest in Heilongjiang Province and the 13th largest in China (based on total population).

Subdivisions

Qiqihar is divided into 16 divisions: 7 districts (区/區 ), 8 counties (县/縣 xiàn) and 1 county-level city (县級市/縣級市 xiànjí shì).

The urban area includes Tiefeng District, Longsha District and Jianhua District.

Districts:

County-level city:

  • Nehe City (讷河市/訥河市)

Counties:

Tourism

Sports

Qiqihar was previously home to an Asia League Ice Hockey team which used the snow leopard as a mascot. The team later became Changchun Fuao, relocating to Changchun, Jilin Province. Qiqihar will play host to the 2007 IIHF World Championships Division I, Group A.

See also

External links

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