Welfare-to-work was a social program of the United States government that ended on September 30, 2004. The concept was to wean sole parents off their reliance on income support and encourage them back into the work force.
To encourage the various states to participate, various federal programs provide assistance and funding for transportation, vocational training, child care, and substance abuse treatment assistance for welfare recipients.
The controversial program has met with mixed results. In the UK, Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair in particular were keen to use the idea of using welfare benefits as a way of encouraging and arguably forcing people into work.