How to Live on 24 Hours a Day
(1910), written by Arnold Bennett
, is part of a larger work entitled How to Live
. In this volume, he offers practical advice on how one might live
(as opposed to just existing
) within the confines of 24 hours a day.
In the book, Bennett addressed the large and growing number of white-collar workers that had accumulated since the advent of the Industrial Revolution. In his view, these workers put in eight hours a day, 40 hours a week, at jobs they did not enjoy, and at worst hated. They worked to make a living, but their daily existence consisted of waking up, getting ready for work, working as little as possible during the work day, going home, unwinding, going to sleep, and repeating the process the next day. In short, he didn't believe they were really living.
Bennett addressed this problem by urging these "salarymen" to seize their extra time, and make the most of it to improve themselves. Extra time could be found at the beginning of the day, by waking up early, and on the ride to work, on the way home from work, in the evening hours, and especially during the weekends. During this time, he prescribed improvement measures such as reading great literature, taking an interest in the arts, reflecting on life, and learning self-discipline.
Bennett wrote that time is the most precious of commodities. He said that many books have been written on how to live on a certain amount of money each day. And he added that the old adage "Time is money" understates the matter, as time can often produce money, but money cannot produce more time. Time is extremely limited, and Bennett urged others to make the best of the time remaining in their lives.
This book has seen increased appeal in recent years due to the explosion of the self-improvement phenomenon, and many have noted that the book has much relevance in today's world.
In the book, Bennett offers the following advice:
- Claim 90 minutes an evening for three evenings a week, to start with. More time can be found, but Bennett recommends starting small, instead of attempting a large enterprise and failing.
- Those 90 minutes can be claimed in the evening, in the morning, on the train to and from work, or other time that isn't put to good use. He recommends evenings for most people, but it depends on your schedule.
- Use that 90 minutes to improve yourself. Over the course of weeks and months, the knowledge gained in those chunks of time will add up to a significant amount.
- Literature is not the only means of self-improvement. Other reading can be very beneficial, including learning more about your business, learning about the "causes and effects" of things, and learning about history and philosophy.
- He doesn't recommend reading novels for self-improvement. He highly recommends poetry, especially verse novels such as Milton's "Paradise Lost".
Bennett also warns against:
- becoming a "prig" and insisting others follow the same improvement program -- he says that it is enough to worry about your own improvement.
- becoming a slave to your program. You should be flexible enough to allow other things in your life. At the same time, it must be rigid enough to actually be called a program. Finding that balance between rigidity and flexibility isn't easy, Bennett says.
- being rushed and constantly worrying about what one has to do next, which he said is like living in a prison. He says: "The evil springs not from persisting without elasticity in what one has attempted, but from originally attempting too much, from filling one's programme till it runs over. The only cure is to reconstitute the programme, and to attempt less."
- failing at the beginning of the enterprise, which "may easily kill outright the newborn impulse towards a complete vitality, and therefore every precaution should be observed to avoid it. The impulse must not be over-taxed. Let the pace of the first lap be even absurdly slow, but let it be as regular as possible."
The book has the following chapters:
- The Daily Miracle
- The Desire to Exceed One's Programme
- Precautions Before Beginning
- The Cause of the Trouble
- Tennis and the Immortal Soul
- Remember Human Nature
- Controlling the Mind
- The Reflective Mood
- Interest in the Arts
- Nothing in Life is Humdrum
- Serious Reading
- Dangers to Avoid