Put-in-Bay is an incorporated village located on South Bass Island, Ottawa County, Ohio, United States. The population was 128 at the 2000 census. The village played a significant role in the War of 1812 as the location of the squadron of U.S. naval commander Oliver Hazard Perry, who sailed from the port on September 10, 1813 to engage a British squadron just north of the island in the Battle of Lake Erie. The village is a popular summer resort and recreational destination. Ferry service connects it with Catawba Island, Kelleys Island, Port Clinton, and Sandusky, Ohio.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.7 km²), of which, 0.5 square miles (1.2 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (28.12%) is water.
There were 67 households out of which 16.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 41.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.59.
In the village the population was spread out with 15.6% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 38.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 124.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.0 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $52,917, and the median income for a family was $80,000. Males had a median income of $47,083 versus $38,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $35,301. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.
The island's primary industry is tourism. The tourist season runs roughly between April and October. The most common methods of transportation to and from the island are via ferry boat, propeller driven aircraft and private boat.
Put-in-Bay is the site of Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial commemorating Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's September 10, 1813 naval victory over British ships in the War of 1812. Construction of the monument began in 1912 and it opened to the public on June 13,1915. It is 352 feet (107 m) tall and made up of 78 layers of pink granite, topped with an eleven short ton (10 metric ton) bronze urn. The remains of six naval officers, three British and three Americans, were interred beneath the floor of the monument's rotunda.
Other Historical sites include:
There are approximately 600 full-time (South Bass Island) residents, most of whom remain on the island over the winter. Supplies and perishables are flown to the island during the winter months along with the mail, parcels and bank employees who staff the island's only bank (for one day a week) until the spring. The island has a single school that is used for all classes (grades kindergarten through 12) and also serves the educational requirements of Middle Bass and North Bass islands. These students arrive by plane, boat or ATV across the frozen lake depending on the season and weather.
Put-in-Bay has one grocery store, one hardware store, one school, one gas station, a library branch, a post office, one bank and two cemeteries. It has two corporate franchise restaurants, Dairy Queen and Subway, and no cinema. The island does not have a hospital, but does have an Emergency Medical Service that can use a Life Flight helicopter to transport critically ill patients to mainland medical facilities. It is also home to the Put-in-Bay Airport.
In 1952-1959, and in 1963, the island held road races around a course. A modern R/C car track is in operation today.
The Boy Scouts of America have held a Jamboree at the base of Perry's Monument.