The Green Pheasant
, Phasianus versicolor
also known as Japanese Pheasant
is a bird of the lowlands
. Closely related to the Common Pheasant
, the cock is distinguished by dark green plumage
on breast and mantle. The male has an iridescent
violet neck, red bare facial skin and purplish green tail. The female is smaller than male, and has a dull brown plumage with dark spots.
Native and endemic to the Japanese Archipelago, the Green Pheasant is the national bird of Japan.
This species is common and widespread throughout its native range. It frequents farmlands and is often seen close to human settlements; it also has been introduced in Hawaii and the United States as a gamebird.
Some authorities consider the Green Pheasant a subspecies of the Common Pheasant.