Definitions

Publius

Publius

Publius, in the New Testament, Paul's host at Malta.
Decius Mus, Publius, name of three Romans, father, son, and grandson, who, according to legend, sacrificed themselves for their country. As a tribune, the father fought (343 B.C.) in the war against the Samnites and, as consul with Manlius Torquatus, commanded in the war with the Latins. Near Mt. Vesuvius he "devoted" himself to the gods and then deliberately exposed himself to death (340 B.C.) in the belief that the enemy would thereby be destroyed by the gods. His son, when consul for the fourth time (295 B.C.), similarly sought death in the battle at Sentinum against the Gauls, Samnites, and Etruscans. His grandson, in the war with Pyrrhus, followed their example at Asculum (279 B.C.), according to Cicero's Tusculan Disputations.

(born circa 218—died 268) Roman emperor who ruled jointly with his father, Valerian (253–260), then alone (260–268). With the empire disintegrating under foreign invasions, the Senate made Gallienus co-emperor. He took charge of the western frontiers, winning a series of battles against the Goths and others. When the Persians devastated the East and his father died in captivity, Gallienus was left with only Italy and the Balkans. Later the Goths attacked anew; he was killed while trying to put down an insurgency. His reforms as emperor included the transfer of army command to professional equestrian officers, expansion of the cavalry, and an intellectual renaissance at Rome, discernible in its art and literature.

Learn more about Gallienus, Publius Licinius Egnatius with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born circa 218—died 268) Roman emperor who ruled jointly with his father, Valerian (253–260), then alone (260–268). With the empire disintegrating under foreign invasions, the Senate made Gallienus co-emperor. He took charge of the western frontiers, winning a series of battles against the Goths and others. When the Persians devastated the East and his father died in captivity, Gallienus was left with only Italy and the Balkans. Later the Goths attacked anew; he was killed while trying to put down an insurgency. His reforms as emperor included the transfer of army command to professional equestrian officers, expansion of the cavalry, and an intellectual renaissance at Rome, discernible in its art and literature.

Learn more about Gallienus, Publius Licinius Egnatius with a free trial on Britannica.com.

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