The word publication means the act of publishing, and it also means any writing of which copies are published, and any website. Among publications are books, and periodicals, the latter including magazines, scholarly journals, and newspapers.
In the United States, publication is defined as:
Furthermore, the right to publish a work is an exclusive right of the copyright owner (United States Code/Title 17/Chapter 1/Sections 105 and 106), and violating this right (e.g. by disseminating copies of the work without the copyright owner's consent) is a copyright infringement (United States Code/Title 17/Chapter 5/Section 501), and the copyright owner can demand (by suing in court) that e.g. copies distributed against his will be confiscated and destroyed (United States Code/Title 17/Chapter 5/Sections 502 and 503).
The definition of "publication" as "distribution of copies to the general public with the consent of the author" is also supported by the Berne Convention, which makes mention of "copies" in article 3(3), where "published works" are defined. In the Universal Copyright Convention, "publication" is defined in article VI as "the reproduction in tangible form and the general distribution to the public of copies of a work from which it can be read or otherwise visually perceived." Many countries around the world follow this definition, although some make some exceptions for particular kinds of works. In Germany, §6 of the Urheberrechtsgesetz additionally considers works of the visual arts (such as sculptures) "published" if they have been made permanently accessible by the general public (i.e., erecting a sculpture on public grounds is publication in Germany). Australia and the UK (as the U.S.) do not have this exception and generally require the distribution of copies necessary for publication. In the case of sculptures, the copies must be even three-dimensional.
Examples of official publications:
Publication rate of abstracts of papers and posters presented at Medical Library Association annual meetings.(Report)
Jul 01, 2010; Highlights * publication rates from posters and presentations at the Medical Library Association's 2002 and 2003 annual...
The publication ink market: as is the case with their customers, the publication ink market is facing many challenges, from raw materials to a declining market.
Nov 01, 2010; The publication printing industry has been hit particularly hard in recent years, as a wide variety of factors have...