is the development of muscles to work in organized patterns guided by signals from the environment.
Behavioral examples include driving a car, throwing a ball, and playing a musical instrument. In psychomotor learning research, attention is given to the learning of coordinated activity involving the arms, hands, fingers, and feet, while verbal processes are not emphasized.
Stages of psychomotor development
When learning psychomotor skills, individuals progress through the cognitive
stage, the associative
stage, and the autonomic
stage. The cognitive stage is marked by awkward slow and choppy movements that the learner tries to control. The learner has to think about each movement before attempting it. In the associative stage, the learner spends less time thinking about every detail, however, the movements are still not a permanent part of the brain
. In the autonomic stage, the learner can refine the skill through practice, but no longer needs to think about the movement.