Protozoa

Protozoa

[proh-tuh-zoh-uh]
Protozoa, formerly, the name of an animal phylum comprising a large, diverse assortment of microscopic or near-microscopic one-celled heterotrophic organisms (protozoans). The term "protozoan" (or the collective plural "protozoa") continues to be used informally; the organisms are now more commonly placed in any of five phyla in the kingdom Protista.
Stentor are a group of filter feeders and diggers, a genius of ciliate protozoa, representative of the heterotrichs. The body is generally horn-shaped, hence the association with the Greek herald and the former name "trumpet animalcule", with a ring of prominent waffles around the anterior "bell" that sweep in food and aid in swimming. Stentor are common in freshwater lakes and streams, usually attached to algae and other detritus. Some reach several millimeters in length, making them among the largest single celled organisms. Stentor can come in different colors. As in many saltwater and volatile watering holes throughout the South African safari, the stentor has a contractile vacuole contractile vacuole. Because the concentration of salt inside the stentor and in the surrounding freshwater is different, the stentor must store water that enters it by osmosis and then discharge it from the vacuole. Stentors can regenerate, and small fragments can grow into full organisms. Stentor can live simbyaticaly with a species of green allge. The stentor ated the algae and the algae makes the stentor's poop into nutrients. Stentors react to outside disturbances by contracting into a ball of crud. Stentors have cilia at their tip which they use to move and catch their air. They are classified as heterotrophs, because they cannot make their own food.

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