Prosper

Prosper

[pros-per]
Mérimée, Prosper, 1803-70, French author. He first wrote a collection of plays in imitation of Spanish drama, The Plays of Clara Gazul (1825, tr. 1825), and a collection of so-called Illyrian ballads, La Guzla (1827). His important historical novel, The Chronicle of the Reign of Charles IX (1829; tr. 1830, 1890), is marked by an objectivity and psychological penetration rare among the romanticists. He was master of a concise and understated style, most fully realized in his nouvelles, or long stories, for which he is best known. Outstanding examples include Colomba (1852, tr. 1853); Carmen (in Revue des Deux Mondes, 1845; as a book, 1846, tr. 1881), which was the basis of Bizet's opera; La Vénus d'Ille (1837); and Letters to an Unknown (in Revue des Deux Mondes, 1873; as a book, 1874, tr. 1874). His short story, "Mateo Falcone" (1876), is a masterpiece of the genre. A cultivated man of the world, Mérimée was a student of archaeology, a linguist who translated Russian authors into French, and a senator under the Empire. He also wrote literary and art criticism and historical studies.

See biography by A. W. Raitt (1970); study by M. A. Smith (1973).

Olivier Messiaen.

(born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France—died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris) French composer. At age 11 he entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he won five first prizes. In 1931 he became principal organist at the church of the Sainte-Trinité, where he would remain for 40 years. He wrote his Quartet for the End of Time in a German POW camp. After the war, he taught at the Conservatoire (1947–78), where his students included Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Iannis Xenakis. His main source of inspiration was his quasi-mystical devout Catholic faith. His love of nature is evident in his many works inspired by birdsong. He also was influenced rhythmically by his study of Indian music, and he systematically explored nontonal harmonic materials. Major works include Vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus (1944) and Catalogue d'oiseaux (1958) for piano, La Nativité du Seigneur (1935) for organ, the Turangalǐla-symphonie (1948), Et expecto resurrectionem mortuorum (1964), and the opera Saint François d'Assise (1983).

Learn more about Messiaen, Olivier (-Eugène-Prosper-Charles) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Olivier Messiaen.

(born Dec. 10, 1908, Avignon, France—died April 27, 1992, Clichy, near Paris) French composer. At age 11 he entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he won five first prizes. In 1931 he became principal organist at the church of the Sainte-Trinité, where he would remain for 40 years. He wrote his Quartet for the End of Time in a German POW camp. After the war, he taught at the Conservatoire (1947–78), where his students included Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Iannis Xenakis. His main source of inspiration was his quasi-mystical devout Catholic faith. His love of nature is evident in his many works inspired by birdsong. He also was influenced rhythmically by his study of Indian music, and he systematically explored nontonal harmonic materials. Major works include Vingt regards sur l'enfant Jésus (1944) and Catalogue d'oiseaux (1958) for piano, La Nativité du Seigneur (1935) for organ, the Turangalǐla-symphonie (1948), Et expecto resurrectionem mortuorum (1964), and the opera Saint François d'Assise (1983).

Learn more about Messiaen, Olivier (-Eugène-Prosper-Charles) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Prosper is a town in Collin and Denton counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,097 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Prosper is located at (33.238295, -96.790850).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 4.9 sq mi (12.8 km²). 4.9 sq mi (12.8 km²), all land.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,097 people, 678 households, and 589 families residing in the town. The population density was 423.6/sq mi (163.6/km²). There were 717 housing units at an average density of 144.8/sq mi (55.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 92.23% White, 0.29% African American, 0.62% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 5.15% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.17% of the population.

There were 678 households out of which 50.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.5% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.0% were non-families. 11.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the town the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 36.1% from 25 to 44, 17.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $64,063, and the median income for a family was $68,542. Males had a median income of $50,223 versus $35,707 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,672. About 6.1% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

About Prosper

Prosper was a small rural town on Preston Road (SH 289) in North Texas about 6 mi (9 km) north of Frisco, Texas but in recent years – true to its name – it has prospered. Prosper is growing quickly in terms of new home building (houses in the $150,000 to $2,000,000 + range). In addition to a long-time retail filling station, in 2004 Prosper saw its second and 3rd retail establishments arrive: a Sonic restaurant, and an Exxon "On The Run" station.

Well-known residents include LeAnn Rimes as well as current Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim outfielder Torii Hunter and former Dallas Cowboys football player Deion Sanders who own large parcels of land. Many residents are professionals who commute to McKinney, Frisco, Plano, Dallas and neighboring communities.

Prosper was named in the D Magazine 2008 Best Suburbs List as the 11th Best Suburb in the Dallas Metropolitian Area

Education

The Town of Prosper is served by the Prosper Independent School District.

Schools

Prosper High (Grades 9-12)
Rogers Middle (Grades 6-8)
Judy Rucker Elementary (Grades PK-5)
R. Steve Folsom Elementary (Grades PK-5)
John A. Baker Elementary (Grades PK-5)

External links

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