is defined by psychologist Daniel Gilbert
in his novel Stumbling on Happiness
as "The act of looking forward in time or considering the future" (Gilbert 2006:1). It has also been used for several years in the field of Futures Studies
, where futurist Joseph Voros
defined it to be "the activity of purposefully looking forward [i.e. into the future] in order to create forward views and/or images of the future" (see, e.g., Voros 2003, 2005, 2006).
- Gilbert, Daniel (2006). Stumbling on Happiness. New York: Knopf. ISBN 1-4000-4266-6.