proprietary colony

Type of settlement in British North America (1660–90). To repay political and financial debts, the British crown, beginning with Charles II, awarded supporters vast tracts of land in colonial New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and the Carolinas. The proprietors were to supervise and develop the colonies, which became successful enterprises. By 1690 concern about the colonies' growing independence from control by British officials led to the end of proprietary grants.

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The word proprietary indicates that a party, or proprietor, exercises private ownership, control or use over an item of property.

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