The Blaj Pronouncement
(Pronunciamentul de la Blaj) is an 1868 document that expresses the reaction of its Transylvanian Romanian
backers to the establishment
of a dual monarchy in Austria-Hungary
the year before. Drafted with input from a number of Romanian intellectuals, at the initiative of Ioan Raţiu
and George Bariţiu
, the Pronouncement was presented at Blaj on 3/15 May during a popular assembly, attended by some 60,000 peasants from throughout Transylvania, commemorating the 20th anniversary of its 1848 predecessor
. It was a political declaration against the Hungarian system of government that did away with Transylvania's long-standing autonomy. It reaffirmed the principles and objectives outlined in the National petition
of 1848 and called for the autonomy of Transylvania, the reopening of the Diet
on the basis of proportional representation and the recognition of laws approved by the Diet of Sibiu
(1863-64), which recognised the rights of the Romanian nation, including that of proportional representation. It specified that Romanians did not recognise the Parliament of Hungary
or its right to make laws for Transylvania.
The Pronouncement was published in the Romanian-language press of Transylvania, in Romania and in Western nations. In response, the Hungarian Minister of Justice initiated public proceedings against the signatories (the capitulary provost Bazil Raţiu, the Greek-Catholic Metropolitan Alexandru Sterca-Şuluţiu (who died in the interim), the canons Elie Vlase and Grigore Mihali, professor Ioan Micu Moldoveanu, etc.). At the same time, the document expressed the principles of the passivist doctrine of refusing to recognise Hungarian institutions and boycotting the country's political life.
- Stoica, Stan (coordinator). Dicţionar de Istorie a României, p. 50-51. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007.