Excess description: Writing that is overflowing with ornate or flowery adjective-heavy language is known as purple prose. Tastes vary widely in this regard. What was once considered enthralling description can be considered excess by a later generation. An example:
Long phrases: Often one word can take the place of an entire phrase, with little loss to the idea or feeling.
Simile and metaphor: Used properly, simile and metaphor can add life to communication. Overuse can become overbearing.
Assuming it fits the context, this simile might not be considered excessive if it was the only one used in several pages. If one of several in just a few paragraphs, however, it might be counterproductive.
Stating the obvious:
Note that not all redundant expressions are easily discarded without stilting the language. Replacing foretell the future in "Could she really foretell the future?" with prognosticate may be far worse than a redundancy which has become accepted idiom. Similarly, some might prefer which dates back to to which dates to in the example above, depending upon context (though either phrase could easily be replaced with the single word from, or with which dates from.)
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Dec 08, 2006; Byline: Carmen K. Sisson Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor BATON ROUGE, LA. -- I worry I won't recognize author...