Definitions

proboscidea louisianica

Proboscidea (genus)

Proboscidea is a genus of flowering plant in the family Martyniaceae, some of whose species are known as devil's claw, devil's horn, ram's horn, or unicorn plant. The plants produce long, hooked seed pods. The hooks catch on the feet of animals, and as the animals walk, the pods are ground or crushed open, dispersing the seeds.

The fruits of some species are edible before they ripen and become woody; some species (particularly parviflora) are also used in basket weaving.

Two species of Proboscidea that grow in Arizona are the only known hosts of Manduca sexta (tomato hornworm) outside the family Solanaceae.

The name devil's claw is shared with the South African plant Harpagophytum procumbens.

Species include:

Proboscidea lutea is a synonym of Ibicella lutea.

References

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