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prior to war

List of massacres committed prior to the 1948 Arab–Israeli war in Mandate Palestine

This is a list of massacre committed prior to the 1948 Arab-Israeli war in Mandate Palestine. It is restricted to incidents in which at least 3 civilians or non-combat military personnel were deliberately killed in actions that were military, politically or racially motivated. This list does not include unlawful deaths due to criminal activity. It includes all casualties that resulted from the initial attack on civilians or non-combat military personnel.

Note: The designation "responsible party" below refers to those believed to be the principle instigators of the violence. Where culpability is disputed or ambiguous, the sources cited support the chosen designation.

Name Date Responsible party Casualties/notes
Tel Hai March 1 1920 Arabs 8 Jews killed
Nebi Musa riots April 4- April 7 1920 Arabs 5 Jews, 4 Arabs killed; 216 Jews, 18 Arabs, 7 Britons wounded
Jaffa riots and attacks on Rehovot, Petah Tikva, Kfar Saba, Hadera May 1- May 7 1921 Arabs 48 Arabs, 45 Jews killed; 140 Jews, 73 Arabs wounded
Hebron massacre August 23- August 26 1929 Arabs 133 Jews, 116 Arabs killed; 339 Jews, 232 Arabs wounded
Safed massacre August 29 1929 Arabs 18 Jews killed; 80 Jews wounded
Labor Strike Revolt April 15- October 12 1936 Arabs, Jews, British authorities 138 Arabs, 80 Jews, 33 British killed
1936-1939 Arab revolt in Palestine September 27 1937 - 1939 Arabs, Jews, British authorities 5,000 Arabs, 415 Jews, several hundred Britons killed
King David Hotel bombing July 22 1946 Irgun 91 killed, including 41 Arabs, 28 Britons, and 17 Jews; 40-45 wounded
al-Tira December 12 1947 Jewish militants 13 Arabs killed, 10 wounded
N/A December 13 1947 Irgun 16 Arabs killed; 67 Arabs wounded from bombings in Jerusalem and Jaffa; Irgun also burns down 100 Arab homes in Jaffa
N/A (See Beit Nabala massacre) December 14 1947 Arab Legion 14 Jews killed; 9 Jews, 2 Britons, 1 Arab wounded in attack on bus convoy near Lydda
al-Khisas December 18 1947 Haganah 10 Arabs killed
N/A December 24 1947 Arab snipers, Jewish militants 4 Jews killed in Haifa by snipers, 4 Arabs killed in reprisals
N/A December 26 1947 Arab militants 7 Jews killed while driving in convoy to Jerusalem
N/A December 28 1947 Arab Snipers, Jewish militants 5 Jews killed in Bab el Wad by snipers, 5 Arabs killed in reprisals
N/A December 29 1947 Arab militants, Irgun 4 Jews killed in Tel Aviv from mortar and sniper fire, 13 Arabs killed in Jerusalem in Irgun bombing
Bomb thrown on Damascus Gate Café in Jerusalem December 29 1947 Irgun 11 Arabs, 2 Britons killed Uri Milstein reported 15 casualties from the bombing in the Palestine Post.
Haifa Oil Refinery December 30 1947 Irgun, Arabs 6 Arabs were killed at the refinery entrance in Haifa in an Irgun bombing, sparking a riot among the workers in which 39 Jews killed
Balad al-Shaykh January 1 1948 Palmach 17 - 70 Arabs killed
N/A January 3 1948 Arab militants 4 Jews killed in Haifa
N/A January 3 1948 Arab militants 3 Jews, 1 Briton killed in Jerusalem
Bombing of Arab National Committee HQ January 4 1948 Stern Gang 14 Arabs killed; 100 Arabs wounded
Semiramis Hotel bombing January 5 1948 Haganah 20 Arabs killed in Jerusalem
N/A January 5 1948 Arabs, Jews 4 Arabs killed after attacking Jewish quarter in Safed
Jaffa Gate bombing in Jerusalem January 7 1948 Irgun 15 - 20 Arabs killed
N/A January 9 1948 Arab militants 35 Jews killed near Kfar Etzion
N/A January 10 1948 Arab militants 11 Jews killed, 1 decapitated near Yavne
N/A January 14 1948 Arab militants 7 Jews, 2 Britons killed in Haifa
N/A January 20 1948 Arab militants 8 Jews killed in Yehiam
N/A January 22 1948 Arab militants 7 Jews killed near Yazur
N/A January 25 1948 Arab militants 10 Jews killed
N/A January 27 1948 British soldiers 4 Arabs killed in Gaza
N/A Feb 3 1948 Arab militants 6 Jews killed while riding buses in Haifa
N/A Feb 7 1948 Arabs, Jews 3 Arabs, 3 Jews killed in Haifa
N/A Feb 8 1948 Arabs 6 Jews killed in Jerusalem
N/A Feb 8 1948 Arab militants 3 Jews killed in Tel Aviv
N/A Feb 12 1948 Arabs 4 Jews killed in Jerusalem
N/A Feb 15 1948 Arab militants, Jewish militants 5 Arabs, 3 Jews killed
Sa'sa' village ambush in the Safad district February 14 1948 Palmach 11 Arabs killed
N/A Feb 17 1948 Arab militants, Jewish militants 5 Arabs, 3 Jews killed
N/A Feb 17 1948 Arab militants 57 Arabs killed while taking part in attack on Jewish settlements Tirat Tzvi, Sde Eliahu, Ein HaNatziv
Ramla vegetable market bombing 18 February 1948 Irgun 12 killed, 43 wounded
N/A Feb 19 1948 Arab militants 4 Jews killed while riding buses in Haifa
N/A Feb 21 1948 Jewish militants 4 Arabs killed in Haifa
Ben Yehuda Street bombing Feb 23 1948 Arab militants, British deserters 55 Jews killed
N/A Feb 25 1948 Arab militants 3 Jews killed on road between Ramle and Tel Aviv
N/A Feb 28 1948 Arab militants 6 Arabs, 1 Jew killed during attack on Jewish village Kfar Saba
N/A Feb 18 1948 Arab militants 4 Arabs killed while participating in attack on Jewish settlement Mitzpe
Rehovot Train bombing March 1 1948 Jewish militants 28 Britons killed
Bevingrad Officers Club bombing March 1 1948 Irgun 20 Britons killed; 30 Britons wounded
N/A March 1 1948 Arab militants 4 Jews killed on Tel Aviv-Jerusalem road
N/A March 2 1948 Arab militants 6 Arabs, 3 Jews killed during Arab attack on Tel-Aviv Jerusalem road
N/A March 4 1948 Arab militants 16 Jews killed on Jerusalem-Atarot road
N/A March 9 1948 Arab militants 3 Arabs killed while participating in attack on Jewish settlement Yehiam
N/A March 11 1948 Jews, Arabs 4 Arabs, 1 Jew killed in Tiberius
Jewish Agency bombing March 11 1948 Arab militants 13 Jews killed
N/A March 14 1948 Arab militants 7 Jews killed near Faluja
N/A March 14 1948 Jews, Arabs 4 Arabs, 1 Jew killed in Tiberius
N/A March 18 1948 Arab militants 5 Britons, 4 Jews killed in convoy near Acre
N/A March 20 1948 Arabs 7 Jews killed at Ein Harod
N/A March 21 1948 Arabs 6 Jews killed on Rosh Pinna-Safed road
N/A March 22 1948 Arab militants 4 Jews, 20 Arabs during attack on Jewish settlement Nitzanim
N/A March 24 1948 Jewish militants 36 Arabs killed near Tulkarem
N/A March 26 1948 Arab militants 6 Arabs, 2 Jews killed in attack on Jewish convoy near Gaza
N/A March 28 1948 Arab militants 6 Arabs killed while participating in attack on Jewish convoy near Rehovot
N/A March 28 1948 Arab militants 6 Arabs killed while participating in attack on Jewish convoy near Safed
Cairo-Haifa train bombing March 31 1948 Lehi 40 Arabs killed; 60 Arabs wounded
Massacre in an orange grove in Lydda 1 April 1948 Jewish militias 11 Arab laborers killed
Deir Yassin April 9 1948 Irgun ~ 100Arabs killed
Hadassah medical convoy April 13 1948 Arab militants 78 Jews (nurses, doctors, and patients) killed
Cairo-Haifa Train bombing April 23 1948 Lehi 8 Britons killed; 27 Britons wounded
Sorona Police Station bombing April 25 1948 Lehi 4 Britons killed
Ein al Zeitun May 3 1948 Palmach 37 - 70
Kfar Etzion May 13 1948 Arab militants and Arab Legion 127-157 Jews killed
Abu Shusha May 14 1948 Israeli 60

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