primrose

primrose

[prim-rohz]
primrose, common name for the genus Primula of the Primulaceae, a family of low perennial herbs with species found on all continents, most frequently in north temperate regions. Among the better-known members of the family are the primroses (genus Primula), cyclamens (genus Cyclamen), pimpernels (genus Anagallis), and loosestrifes (chiefly genus Lysimachia). Species of all these genera are cultivated as rock-garden, border, and pot plants. The primrose, a common and favored wildflower of England, has often been celebrated in poetry. A common yellow species (P. veris) is called cowslip in England. Several primroses are indigenous to North America. The American cowslip, often called shooting star, is a separate genus (Dodocatheon); it is an Eastern wildflower. The evening primrose is not a true primrose. Tuberous-rooted cyclamens are native chiefly to the European Alps; C. indicum is a common florists' pot plant in the United States. The scarlet pimpernel, or poorman's-weatherglass (A. arvensis), is native to Eurasia but has been naturalized in North America; its flowers close on the approach of bad weather. Loosestrifes are easily cultivated flowers that thrive under moist conditions; some are creeping species, e.g., the moneywort, or creeping Jenny, of E North America. Several unrelated plants are also called loosestrife. Primroses are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Primulales.
Primrose, William, 1904-82, Scottish-American violist. After studying in London, and with Eugène Ysaÿe, he played with the London String Quartet (1930-35) and the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937-42). In 1939 he formed his own quartet. As a soloist he ranked among the world's outstanding violists and greatly contributed to establishing the viola as a concert instrument. Several concertos were written for him.

See his Walk on the North Side (1978); D. Dalton, Playing the Viola: Conversations with William Primrose (1988).

Any flowering plant of the genus Primula, one of 28 genera of the family Primulaceae. Primula includes more than 500 species, which occur chiefly in the Northern Hemisphere in cool or mountainous regions. The plants are low-growing, usually perennial herbs; a few are biennials. Most species grow 25–50 cm (10–20 inches) tall, but some are as short as 5 cm and others as tall as 120 cm. Many species are cultivated for their attractive, five-petaled flowers, which may be red, pink, purple, blue, white, or yellow. Other plants in the primrose family include cyclamens and pimpernels. The evening primrose (family Onagraceae) is not a true primrose.

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Any of various species of herbaceous plants of the genus Oenothera (family Onagraceae). They are noted for their showy flowers, especially the yellow-flowered biennial O. biennis, which is found widely throughout North America and and has been introduced to Europe. It has been grown by geneticists to determine certain principles of heredity. The true primrose belongs to the family Primulaceae.

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orig. Archibald Philip Primrose

(born May 7, 1847, London, Eng.—died May 21, 1929, Epsom, Surrey) British politician. He served in William E. Gladstone's governments as undersecretary for Scottish affairs (1881–83) and foreign secretary (1886, 1892–94). He succeeded Gladstone as prime minister (1894–95) but was ineffective in resolving conflicts within the Liberal Party and in passing legislation through the Conservative-dominated House of Lords. He broke with the Liberal Party by opposing Irish Home Rule (1905) and retired from public life.

Learn more about Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Archibald Philip Primrose

(born May 7, 1847, London, Eng.—died May 21, 1929, Epsom, Surrey) British politician. He served in William E. Gladstone's governments as undersecretary for Scottish affairs (1881–83) and foreign secretary (1886, 1892–94). He succeeded Gladstone as prime minister (1894–95) but was ineffective in resolving conflicts within the Liberal Party and in passing legislation through the Conservative-dominated House of Lords. He broke with the Liberal Party by opposing Irish Home Rule (1905) and retired from public life.

Learn more about Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Primrose is a census-designated place in Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 93 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Primrose is located at (60.343405, -149.344250).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 38.4 square miles (99.4 km²), of which, 37.4 square miles (96.8 km²) of it is land and 1.0 square miles (2.5 km²) of it (2.53%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 93 people, 33 households, and 29 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 2.5 people per square mile (1.0/km²). There were 47 housing units at an average density of 1.3/sq mi (0.5/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 91.40% White, 3.23% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 1.08% Pacific Islander, and 3.23% from two or more races.

There were 33 households out of which 42.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 75.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.1% were non-families. 9.1% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 34.4% under the age of 18, 1.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $66,111, and the median income for a family was $66,944. Males had a median income of $48,472 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,904. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.

References

External links

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