Definitions

primary women

Heptathlon

[hep-tath-luhn, ‐lon]
A heptathlon is a track and field athletics combined events contest made up of seven events. The name derives from the Greek hepta (seven) and athlon (contest). A competitor in a heptathlon is referred to as a heptathlete.

Structure

There are two versions of the heptathlon. The first is an outdoor competition for women, and is the combined event for women contested in the Athletics program of the Olympics and in the IAAF World Championships in Athletics. The IAAF World Combined Events Challenge determines a yearly women's heptathlon champion. The women's outdoor heptathlon consists of the following events, with the first four contested on the first day, and the remaining three on day two:

The other version is an indoor competition, normally contested only by men. It is the men's combined event in the IAAF World Indoor Championships in Athletics. The men's indoor heptathlon consists of the following events, with the first four contested on the first day, and remaining three on day two:

The scoring is similar for both versions. In each event, the athlete scores points for his/her performance in each event according to scoring tables issued by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). The athlete accumulating the highest number of points wins the competition.

The heptathlon has been contested by female athletes since the early 1980s, when it replaced the pentathlon as the primary women's combined event contest (the javelin throw and 800 m were added). It was first contested at the Olympic level in the 1984 Summer Olympics. In recent years some women's decathlon competitions have been conducted, consisting of the same events as the men's competition, and the IAAF has begun keeping records for it. But the heptathlon remains the championship-level combined event for women.

World Record

The current heptathlon world record is 7291 points. It was set by Jackie Joyner-Kersee at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, Korea, on September 24, 1988.

Her scores in each event were:

Event Performance Wind (m/s) Points
100 m hurdles 12.69 secs +0.5 1172
High jump 1.86 m 1054
Shot put 15.80 m 915
200 m 22.56 secs +1.6 1123
Long jump 7.27 m +0.7 1264
Javelin 45.66 776
800 m 2 mins 08.51 secs 987

Joyner-Kersee has gone over 7,000 points six times and holds the top six places on the all-time performances list. She is also the only person ever to have done so when over the age of 30. Carolina Klüft and Larisa Turchinskaya are the only other women to have topped 7000 points, with Kluft having done so twice.

Record Progression

POINTS ATHLETE VENUE DATE
6104 Walnut 1981-04-24
6181 Kislovodsk 1981-05-05
6670 Halle 1981-05-24
6788 Kiev 1981-06-28
6845 Halle 1982-06-20
6935 Moscow 1983-06-19
6946 Potsdam 1984-05-06
7148 Moscow 1986-07-07
7158 Houston 1986-08-02
7215 Indianapolis 1988-07-16
7291 Seoul 1988-09-24

Best Year Performance

Women's Seasons Best (Outdoor)

YEAR POINTS ATHLETE VENUE
1980 6049 Pyatigorsk
1981 6788 Kiev
1982 6845 Halle
1983 6935 Moscow
1984 6946 Potsdam
1985 6718 Baton Rouge
1986 7158 Houston
1987 7128 Rome
1988 7291 Seoul
1989 7007 Bryansk
1990 6783 Seattle
1991 6878 New York City
1992 7044 Barcelona
1993 6837 Stuttgart
1994 6741 Talence
1995 6715 Götzis
1996 6942 Götzis
1997 6787 Ratingen
1998 6559 Budapest
1999 6861 Seville
2000 6842 Götzis
2001 6736 Götzis
2002 6542 Munich
2003 7001 Saint-Denis
2004 6952 Athens
2005 6889 Arles
2006 6740 Gothenburg
2007 7032 Osaka

Top Ten Performers

POINTS ATHLETE VENUE DATE
7291 Seoul 1988-09-24
7032 Osaka 2007-08-26
7007 Bryansk 1989-06-11
6985 Götzis 1992-05-31
6946 Potsdam 1984-05-06
6942 Götzis 1996-05-26
6935 Moscow 1983-06-19
6889 Arles 2005-06-05
6859 Kiev 1984-06-21
6858 Seoul 1988-09-24

National records

POINTS NATION ATHLETE DATE PLACE
7291 Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988-09-24 Seoul
7032 Carolina Klüft 2007-08-26 Osaka
7007 Larisa Nikitina 1989-06-11 Bryansk
6985 Sabine Braun 1992-05-31 Götzis
6946 Sabine John 1984-05-06 Potsdam
6942 Ghada Shouaa 1996-05-26 Götzis
6889 Eunice Barber 2005-06-05 Arles
6832 Lyudmyla Blonska 2007-08-26 Osaka
6831 Denise Lewis 2000-07-30 Talence
6750 Ma Miaolan 1993-09-12 Beijing
6695 Jane Flemming 1990-01-28 Auckland
6658 Svetla Dimitrova 1992-05-31 Götzis
6635 Svetlana Buraga 1993-08-18 Stuttgart
6619 Liliana Nastase 1992-08-02 Barcelona
6616 Malgorzata Nowak 1985-08-31 Kobe
6604 Remigija Nazaroviene 1989-06-11 Bryansk
6573 Rita Inancsi 1994-05-29 Götzis
6527 Diane Guthrie-Gresham 1995-06-03 Knoxville
6423 Margaret Simpson 2005-05-29 Götzis
6423 Karin Ruckstuhl 2006-08-08 Gothenburg
6416 Eunice Barber 1996-09-15 Talence
6404 Satu Ruotsalainen 1991-08-27 Tokyo
6392 Yasmina Azzizi 1991-08-27 Tokyo
6371 Vera Yurchenko 1987-09-20 Lvov
6352 Magalys García 1996-06-23 Havana
6343 Jessica Zelinka 2007-05-27 Götzis
6279 Liga Klavina 2001-07-15 Amsterdam
6278 Joanne Henry 1992-03-01 Auckland
6265 Corinne Schneider 1985-06-16 Zug
6235 Aryiro Strataki 2006-05-28 Götzis
6230 Naide Gomes 2005-07-17 Logroño
6215 Larissa Netšeporuk 2003-07-06 Tallinn
6201 Tia Hellebaut 2006-06-03 Götzis
6017 Conceição Geremias 1983-08-25 Caracas
5860 María Peinado 2002-07-14 Castellón

See also

Other multiple event contests

External links

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