Price, Leontyne (Mary Leontyne Price), 1927-, American soprano, b. Laurel, Miss. She studied voice at the Juilliard School of Music with Florence Page Kimball. Subsequently she appeared as Bess in Gershwin's Porgy and Bess on Broadway (1952-54), repeating her performance in a highly successful international tour sponsored by the U.S. State Dept. She made her operatic debut on television in 1955, singing the title role in Tosca. In 1961 she made her debut at the Metropolitan Opera as Leonora in Verdi's Il Trovatore. Five years later, in 1966, she created the role of Cleopatra in Samuel Barber's Antony and Cleopatra, which opened the Metropolitan's new building at Lincoln Center. Price's voice is noted for its extraordinary range and power. She is particularly noted for her performances of the title roles in Verdi's Aïda and Puccini's Madame Butterfly.
Price, Richard, 1723-91, English nonconformist minister and philosopher. His philosophical importance rests on his ethical discussion, Review of the Principal Questions and Difficulties in Morals (1757), in which Price stresses the power of reason in making moral judgments, a position closely allied to that of Kant. He achieved fame with his sponsorship of the American colonists' cause in a pamphlet called Observations on the Nature of Civil Liberty, the Principles of Government, and the Justice and Policy of the War with America (1776). He also defended the French Revolution and was subsequently criticized by Edmund Burke in his Reflections on the Revolution in France. Price's writings on governmental finance were also well known.

See studies by C. B. Cone (1952) and W. D. Hudson (1970).

Price, Sterling, 1809-67, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Prince Edward co., Va. After moving to Missouri, he practiced law and entered politics. He served in Congress (1844-46), resigning to lead a Missouri regiment in the Mexican War. Made military governor of New Mexico, he put down a rising of Native Americans and Mexicans. Price was governor of Missouri (1853-57) and president of the state convention of Mar., 1861, which opposed secession. However, his displeasure at the activities of the extreme Unionists led him to accept the command of the Missouri secessionist militia in May, 1861. At Wilson's Creek (Aug., 1861) he and Ben McCulloch defeated the Union forces. Price then took Lexington but was soon obliged to retreat into Arkansas. After the Union victory at Pea Ridge (Mar., 1862), Price accepted a regular Confederate commission. His campaign around Iuka and Corinth, Miss. (Oct., 1862), was unsuccessful. He opposed Gen. Frederick Steele in Arkansas (1863-64). Price's raid through Missouri (Sept.-Oct., 1864), after initial successes, was finally turned back at Westport and was the last Confederate threat in the Far West.

See studies by A. E. Castel (1968) and R. E. Shalhoyse (1971).

price, amount of money for which a unit of goods or services is exchanged. Price is equivalent to market value and may or may not measure the intrinsic value of the goods or services to the buyer or seller. Most economists hold that, in the long run, price in a competitive market will equal the cost of production. Such a long-term equilibrium price is called the normal price. In the short run, however, the market price will be determined by supply and demand without reference to cost. The price of an individual item changes with time as well as in its relation to the prices of other goods. In general, prices are closely related to the amount of currency in circulation. If money is plentiful compared with the supply of goods, prices are high and money has less value and is "cheap"; when the opposite condition prevails, goods are cheap and money has greater value and is "dear." The general price level may therefore be influenced by the action of government agencies (such as, in the United States, the Federal Reserve Board) that regulate the supply of currency. Because of the relation of the general price level to the business cycle, government action is usually designed to steer a middle course between the inflationary effects of a too plentiful currency and the deflationary effects of a glut of goods. Stabilization of prices would ensure that the dollar used in repaying a loan would have the same value as the dollar borrowed. The price level is an average of prices of a number of commodities that are important in the economy. It is generally converted into an index, with a particular year designated as the norm and given a value of 100. By comparing the value of an index at different dates, it is possible to ascertain whether prices are rising or falling. Common indexes used by U.S. government economists include the consumer price index and the wholesale price index. Historically, prices have tended to move upward; the wholesale price index, for example, more than doubled between 1930 and 1970. For the history of prices, classic works are Thomas Tooke, A History of Prices … . from 1793 to 1856 (6 vol., 1838-57; repr. 1928) and J. E. T. Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England (7 vol., 1866-1902; repr. 1963).
Price is a city in Carbon County, Utah, United States. The city is home to the College of Eastern Utah, as well as the large prehistoric museum affiliated with the college. Price is located within short distances from both Nine Mile Canyon and the Manti-La Sal National Forest. The city is noted for its history as a mining town, and its Greek Orthodox/Catholic/Mormon split population. The population was 8,402 at the 2000 census. Price is the county seat of, and largest city in, Carbon County.


Price is located at (39.600119, -110.806564) at the northwestern edge of the Colorado Plateau, and is at an elevation of 5,957 feet (1,815 m).

The Price River flows by the city, and it is one of several communities near the San Rafael Swell. The city is on U.S. Route 6 and U.S. Route 191, and was one of the communities that was served by the Rio Grande Zephyr.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (11.0 km²).4.2 square miles (11.0 km²) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.


As of the census of 2000, there were 8,402 people, 3,045 households, and 2,085 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,979.7 people per square mile (765.1/km²). There were 3,311 housing units at an average density of 780.2/sq mi (301.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.70% White, 0.26% African American, 1.37% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.25% from other races, and 2.82% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.08% of the population.

There were 3,045 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,687, and the median income for a family was $39,429. Males had a median income of $37,476 versus $21,081 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,313. About 11.4% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.3% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.


There are three public elementary schools in Price: Creekview Elementary, Castle Heights Elementary, and Pinnacle Canyon Academy. There is one junior high school, Mont Harmon Junior High, and one high school, Carbon High. Some children located in the Gordon Creek area attend Sally Mauro Elementary in Helper.

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