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prevalency

Demographics of Botswana

Botswana, like many nations in southern Africa, suffers from a high AIDS infection rates, estimated in a 2002 UN report to be 38.8% for adults. This could be an exaggeration as the UN and other reputable international institutions wrongly estimated 20-25% HIV infection rates in neighboring South Africa up until 2002. These estimates were revised to 11% after the publication of the 2002 Nelson Mandela study of HIV/AIDS prevalence in South Africa The numbers quoted here about the demographic impact of AIDS in Botswana (such as negative population growth) should be approached with this qualification in mind. Demographic data from the 2001 Botswana census are included for comparison with 2006 CIA estimates.

Demographic data from the 2006 CIA World Factbook

Selected demographic data from 2001 Botswana census included for comparison.

Population

1,680,863 (2001)
1,639,833 (2006 est.)
1,815,508 (2007 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.

Age structure

0-14 years: 38.3% (male 319,531/female 309,074)
15-64 years: 57.9% (male 460,692/female 488,577)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 23,374/female 38,585) (2006 est.)

Median age

Total: 36.45 years
Male: 34.2 years
Female: 38.7 years (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

2.40% (2001 est.)
-0.04% (2006 est.)
1.50% (2007 est.)

Birth rate

28.9 births/1,000 population (2001)
23.1 (2006 est.)

Death rate

12.4 deaths/1,000 population (2001)
29.5 (2006 est.)

Deaths

21,000 (2001, rounding up to nearest 1,000)
48,000 (2006 est., rounding down)

Net migration rate

5.49 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)
note: there is an increasing flow of Zimbabweans into South Africa and Botswana in search of better economic opportunities.

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.61 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 53.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 54.92 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 52.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 55.6 years
Male: 52.0 years
Female: 57.4 years (2001)

Total population: 33.74 years
Male: 33.9 years
Female: 33.56 years (2006 est.)

Total population: 50.58 years
Male: 51.55 years
Female: 49.58 years (2007 est.)

Total fertility rate

3.27 children born/woman (2001)
2.79 (2006 est.)
2.73 (2007 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate: 37.3% (2003 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 350,000 (2003 est.)
Deaths due to AIDS: 33,000 (2003 est.)

No national survey of HIV/AIDS prevalency has been done in Botswana.

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria (2005)

Nationality

Noun: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)
Adjective: Motswana (singular), Batswana (plural)

Ethnic groups

Tswana 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, Kgalagadi 3%, white 3%, other 1%

Religions

Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.3%, Buddhist 0.1%, none 20.6% (2001 census)

Languages

Tswana 78.2%, Ikalanga 7.9%, Sekgalagadi 2.8%, English 2.1% (official), other 8.6%, unspecified 0.4% (2001 census)

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 79.8%
Male: 76.9%
Female: 82.4% (2003 est.)

References

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