In the United States, some judges have held that the necessary-and-proper clause in the preamble to the United States Constitution allows the U.S. federal government to act freely in any of the areas mentioned in the preamble, a view challenged repeatedly by judges of the Originalist philosophy.
Due to concern over its potential effects, the redaction of the preamble of the proposed European Constitution, in 2002, has caused much controversy because of the possible inclusion of references to the Christian heritage of Europe. Likewise, in Australia in 1999, a referendum on whether to adopt a new preamble was accompanied by a promise that the preamble, if adopted, could not be enforceable by the courts, as some were concerned with how the preamble could be interpreted and applied.
EP-MAC: Early Preamble MAC to Achieve Low Delay and Energy Consumption in Duty Cycle Based Asynchronous Wireless Sensor Networks
Nov 01, 2012; 1. Introduction Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) reduce the cost of managing industrial devices and home appliances. A WSN...
"High-Efficiency Preambles for Communications Systems over Pseudo-Stationary Communication Channels" in Patent Application Approval Process
Sep 19, 2012; By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Electronics Newsweekly -- A patent application by the inventors MUELLER, Arndt (San...