There is evidence of human occupation of the area since the Bronze Age with skeletons and pottery beign found in local caves. Blacker's Hill is believed to be an Iron Age Camp occupied by the Belgae in the later Iron Age with the Romans later occuping it.
The abbey church of St Gregory The Great which is known as Downside Abbey church, is an example of neo-gothic architecture and dominates the village with its tower, and is a grade I listed building. Downside School which has grown in conjunction with the abbey is a is a Roman Catholic Public School.
St Vigor and St John Church of England Primary School, is situated in nearby Chilcompton.
Stratton-on-the-Fosse is now largely a dormitory town for larger towns and cities such as Bath and Bristol and even as far away as London. The village has a history with both World Wars and continues to have a connection to the military to this day.