The sapeurs-pompiers are the firefighters of France. They are organized, supervised and trained by the French Ministry of the Interior; specifically, they fall under the Civil Defence and Security Directorate (Direction des défense et sécurité civiles, DDSC). There are approximately 250,584 fire service personnel in France operating 15,000 emergency vehicles out of 10,238 emergency centres.
Pompier means "pumper" and refers to the manual pumps that were originally used. Sapeur means "sapper" and refers to the first official corps created by Napoleon I; it was a military engineer corps.
They are divided into four categories:
Amongst the civil firefighters (volunteers and professional), 9,884 belong to the Emergency Medical Health Service (Service de santé et de secours médical, SSSM), as firefighter nurse or firefighter physician.
Headquarters are located in:
Sous-direction des Sapeur-Pompiers
87-95 quai du docteur Dervanx
Local organization is based in the various Departmental Fire and Rescue Services (Services Departmentaux d'Incendie).
Paris and Marseilles comprise 14% of the national total.
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Mar 01, 2006; AirBoss-Defense, a division of AirBoss of America Corp., has recently been awarded UL certification for the world's first...