is a commonly tackled topic in the speculative fiction
genres of science fiction
and others. Proto-speculative fiction texts have strong similarities to mythological
or religious texts
Science fiction often incorporates transcendental or mystical themes, investigating questions usually associated with theology
.. Transreal mono-
religions are a common feature in fantasy, particularly epic
and heroic fantasy
. Monotheistic religion are often portrayed as corrupt. Christian science fiction
and fantasy also exists, often written as allegory
for inspirational or propaganda
In contrast, Orson Scott Card has stated that most fiction, including speculative fiction, is anti- or a-religious, in which religious people are depicted as "ignorant and stupid and easily fooled" followers or "exploitative and cynical" leaders.
A number of works portray invented religions, placed into a contemporary Earth society such as the Earthseed religion in Octavia Butlers Parable of the Sower, or in the far future as seen in Dune by Frank Herbert with its Orange Catholic Bible, the text of a syncretic blend of current religions.
The animated science fiction television series Futurama features a satirical religion for Robots called Robotology amoungst its treatment of multiple religions.
Numerous works have explored Christian faith. Notable examples include the award winning A Case of Conscience by James Blish and The Sparrow by Mary Doria Russell, in which Jesuit missionaries seek to spread to Christianity to newly discovered alien worlds.. The classic Canticle for Liebowitz explores a world in which Catholicism is one of the few institutions to survive an apocalypse, and its slow re-achievement of prominence as civilisation returns.
Christian science fiction and fantasy also exists, often written as allegory for inspirational or propaganda purposes. A Christian theme may be subtle, expressed by way of analogy, or more explicit.
Religious Science Fiction Books and Links