- For the genus of grass skipper butterflies, see Polites (butterfly).
In Greek mythology, Polites referred to two different people, both of whom feature as minor characters in the epics by Homer.
- Polites was a member Odysseus's crew. Odysseus refers to him as his dearest friend, though he is only mentioned once. He is killed either by Scylla or the Lightning bolt that Zeus throws at Odysseus' ship for his crew eating the cattle of Helios.
- Polites was the son of Priam and Hecuba, and was known for his swiftness. He was killed by Neoptolemus during the sack of Troy.