pokal

DFB-Pokal

The DFB-Pokal (Deutscher Fußball-Bund-Pokal or German Football-Federation Cup) is an elimination football tournament held annually. It is the second most important national title in German football after the Bundesliga championship.

Format

The competition format has varied considerably since the inception of the Tschammer-Pokal in 1935.

Participation

The DFB-Pokal begins with a round of 64 teams. The 36 teams of the Bundesliga and 2nd Bundesliga, along with the top four finishers of the 3rd Liga are automatically qualified for the tournament. Of the remaining slots 21 are given to the cup winners of the regional football associations. The three remaining slots are given to three the regional associations with the most men's teams. They may assign the slot as they see fit but usually give it to the runner up in the association cup. As every team is entitled to participate in local tournaments which qualify for the association cups every team can in principle compete in the DFB-Pokal. Backup teams are not allowed in the competition, though.

Seeding

The pairings for the DFB-Pokal are not entirely random as the teams are split into two pots of 32 teams each. One pot contains all the amateur teams including teams from the 3rd Liga and the teams just being promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. The other pot contains the teams from the Bundesliga and the teams of the 2nd Bundesliga, which are not just being promoted. Therefore in the first round of the cup each professional team plays an amateur team. Since 1982 the amateur generally plays at home when facing a professional team.

For the second round the teams are again divided into two pots according to the same principles. This time the pots don't have to be of equal size though, depending on the results of the first round. Amateur teams get paired with professional teams until one pot is empty. The remaining teams are then drawn from the nonempty pot with the team first drawn playing at home.

For the remaining rounds other than the final the teams are drawn from one pot. Since 1985 the final is every year held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin.

Match Rules

All cup games have a regular time of two times 45 minutes with the winner advancing to the next round. In case of a draw the game gets extended by two times 15 minutes. If the score is still level after 120 minutes the winner is determined by a penalty shootout.

History

Historically the number of participants in the main tournament has varied between four from 1956 until 1960 and 128 from 1973 through 1982 resulting in tournaments of two to seven rounds. Since the inception of the Bundesliga in 1963 all clubs from the Bundesliga are automatically qualified for the DFB-Pokal as are all clubs from the 2nd Bundesliga since its inception in 1974. Backup teams have for most of the time been allowed to participate in the DFB-Pokal but are excluded since 2008.

The final is since 1985 every year held in the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. Before 1985 the host of the final was determined on short notice. The DFB hereby took into consideration the ease with which supporters of both finalists could reach the site.

Originally the cup games were held over two times 45 minutes with two times 15 minutes extra time in case of a draw. If the score was still level after 120 minutes the game was replayed with the home field right reversed. In the Tschammer-Pokal 1939 the semi-final between SV Waldhof Mannheim and Wacker Wien was a draw three times before the game was decided by lot. The DFB decided to hold a penalty shootout if the replay was a another draw after a similar situation arose in the 1970 cup, when the match between Alemannia Aachen and SV Werder Bremen had to be decided by lot after two draws.

In 1971-72 and 1972-73 the matches were held over two legs. The second leg was extended by two times 15 minutes if the aggregate was a draw after both legs. In case the extension brought no decision a penalty shooutout was held.

When in 1977 the final 1. FC Köln vs. Hertha BSC had to be replayed this led to great logistic difficulties. In the aftermath the DFB decided not to let cup finals to be replayed in the future instead holding a penalty shootout after extra time. Eventually this change was extended to all cup games in 1991.

History

The first German cup was held in 1935. It was then called von Tschammer und Osten Pokal, or short Tschammerpokal, named after Reichssportführer (Sports Chief of the Reich) Hans von Tschammer und Osten. The first final was contested between the two most successful clubs of that era, the 1. FC Nuremberg and Schalke 04, with Nuremberg winning 2 – 0. After the last Tschammerpokal was held in 1943 the cup was not held for almost 20 years, being re-introduced by the DFB in 1952 under its current name DFB-Pokal. In 1965 the original trophy, Goldfasanen-Pokal, was substituted by the trophy which is still awarded today, because the original reminded DFB-president Peco Bauwens of the Nazi-era.

Having won now 14 titles Bayern Munich has been the most successful team in the cup since they won their fourth title in 1969. They are also the most recent champion.

Finals

Year Winner Runner Up Result Date Venue Attendance
2008 FC Bayern Munich Borussia Dortmund 2-1 ET 19/04/08 Berlin 74,244
2007 1. FC Nuremberg VfB Stuttgart 3-2 ET 26/05/07 Berlin 74,220
2006 FC Bayern Munich Eintracht Frankfurt 1-0 29/04/06 Berlin 74,349
2005 FC Bayern Munich FC Schalke 04 2-1 28/05/05 Berlin 74,349
2004 SV Werder Bremen Alemannia Aachen 3-2 29/05/04 Berlin 71,682
2003 FC Bayern Munich 1. FC Kaiserslautern 3-1 31/05/03 Berlin 70,490
2002 FC Schalke 04 Bayer Leverkusen 4-2 11/05/02 Berlin 70,000
2001 FC Schalke 04 1. FC Union Berlin 2-0 26/05/01 Berlin 73,011
2000 FC Bayern Munich SV Werder Bremen 3-0 06/05/00 Berlin 76,000
1999 SV Werder Bremen FC Bayern Munich 1-1 5-4 P 12/06/99 Berlin 75,841
1998 FC Bayern Munich MSV Duisburg 2-1 16/05/98 Berlin 75,800
1997 VfB Stuttgart Energie Cottbus 2-0 14/06/97 Berlin 76,400
1996 1. FC Kaiserslautern Karlsruher SC 1-0 25/05/96 Berlin 75,800
1995 B. Mönchengladbach VfL Wolfsburg 3-0 24/06/95 Berlin 75,700
1994 SV Werder Bremen Rot-Weiss Essen 3-1 14/05/94 Berlin 76,000
1993 Bayer Leverkusen Hertha BSC (A) 1-0 12/06/93 Berlin 76,000
1992 Hannover 96 B. Mönchengladbach 0-0 4-3 P 23/05/92 Berlin 76,000
1991 SV Werder Bremen 1. FC Köln 1-1 4-3 P 22/06/91 Berlin 73,000
1990 1. FC Kaiserslautern SV Werder Bremen 3-2 19/05/90 Berlin 76,000
1989 Borussia Dortmund SV Werder Bremen 4-1 24/06/89 Berlin 76,000
1988 Eintracht Frankfurt VfL Bochum 1-0 28/05/88 Berlin 76,000
1987 Hamburg SV Stuttgarter Kickers 3-1 20/06/87 Berlin 76,000
1986 FC Bayern Munich VfB Stuttgart 5-2 03/05/86 Berlin 76,000
1985 Bayer Uerdingen FC Bayern Munich 2-1 26/05/85 Berlin 70,000
1984 FC Bayern Munich B. Mönchengladbach 1-1 7-6 P 31/05/84 Frankfurt 61,000
1983 1. FC Köln Fortuna Köln 1-0 11/06/83 Köln 61,000
1982 FC Bayern Munich 1. FC Nuremberg 4-2 01/05/82 Frankfurt 61,000
1981 Eintracht Frankfurt 1. FC Kaiserslautern 3-1 02/05/81 Stuttgart 71,000
1980 Fortuna Düsseldorf 1. FC Köln 2-1 04/06/80 Gelsenkirchen 56,000
1979 Fortuna Düsseldorf Hertha BSC 1-0 ET 23/06/79 Hannover 56,000
1978 1. FC Köln Fortuna Düsseldorf 2-0 15/04/78 Gelsenkirchen 70,000
1977 1. FC Köln Hertha BSC 1-1 ET
1-0 RM
28/05/77
30/05/77
Hannover 54,000
35,000
1976 Hamburger SV 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2-0 26/06/76 Frankfurt 61,000
1975 Eintracht Frankfurt MSV Duisburg 1-0 21/06/75 Hannover 43,000
1974 Eintracht Frankfurt Hamburger SV 3-1 ET 17/08/74 Düsseldorf 52,000
1973 B. Mönchengladbach 1. FC Köln 2-1 ET 23/06/73 Düsseldorf 69,000
1972 FC Schalke 04 1. FC Kaiserslautern 5-0 01/07/72 Hannover 61,000
1971 FC Bayern Munich 1. FC Köln 2-1 ET 19/06/71 Stuttgart 71,000
1970 Kickers Offenbach 1. FC Köln 2-1 29/08/70 Hannover 50,000
1969 FC Bayern Munich FC Schalke 04 2-1 14/06/69 Frankfurt 60,000
1968 1. FC Köln VfL Bochum 4-1 09/06/68 Ludwigshafen 60,000
1967 FC Bayern Munich Hamburger SV 4-0 10/06/67 Stuttgart 67,000
1966 FC Bayern Munich Meidericher SV 4-2 04/06/66 Frankfurt 62,000
1965 Borussia Dortmund Alemannia Aachen 2-0 22/05/65 Hannover 55,000
1964 TSV 1860 Munich Eintracht Frankfurt 2-0 13/06/64 Stuttgart 45,000
1963 Hamburger SV Borussia Dortmund 3-0 14/08/63 Hannover 68,000
1962 1. FC Nuremberg Fortuna Düsseldorf 2-1 ET 29/08/62 Hannover 41,000
1961 SV Werder Bremen 1. FC Kaiserslautern 2-0 13/09/61 Gelsenkirchen 18,000
1960 B. Mönchengladbach Karlsruher SC 3-2 05/10/60 Düsseldorf 50,000
1959 Schwarz-Weiss Essen Borussia Neunkirchen 5-2 27/12/59 Kassel 20,000
1958 VfB Stuttgart Fortuna Düsseldorf 4-3 ET 16/10/58 Kassel 28,000
1957 FC Bayern Munich Fortuna Düsseldorf 1-0 29/12/57 Augsburg 42,000
1956 Karlsruher SC Hamburger SV 3-1 05/08/56 Karlsruhe 25,000
1955 Karlsruher SC FC Schalke 04 3-2 21/05/55 Braunschweig 25,000
1954 VfB Stuttgart 1. FC Köln 1-0 ET 17/04/54 Ludwigshafen 60,000
1953 Rot-Weiss Essen Alemannia Aachen 2-1 01/05/53 Düsseldorf 40,000
Before 1945

The von Tschammer und Osten Pokal - Trophy for the Winner until 1943
1943 First Vienna FC Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg 3-2 ET 31/10/43 Stuttgart 45,000
1942 TSV 1860 Munich FC Schalke 04 2-0 15/10/42 Berlin 80,000
1941 Dresdner SC FC Schalke 04 2-1 02/10/41 Berlin 65,000
1940 Dresdner SC 1. FC Nuremberg 2-1 ET 01/12/40 Berlin 60,000
1939 1. FC Nuremberg SV Waldhof Mannheim 2-0 08/04/40 Berlin 60,000
1938 Rapid Wien FSV Frankfurt 3-1 08/01/39 Berlin 38,000
1937 FC Schalke 04 Fortuna Düsseldorf 2-1 09/01/38 Köln 72,000
1936 VfB Leipzig FC Schalke 04 2-1 03/01/37 Berlin 70,000
1935 '''1. FC Nuremberg FC Schalke 04 2-0 08/12/35 Düsseldorf 55,000

Performance by club

Club Wins Runners-up Winning Years
FC Bayern Munich 14 2 1957, 1966, 1967, 1969, 1971, 1982, 1984, 1986, 1998, 2000,
2003, 2005, 2006, 2008
SV Werder Bremen 5 3 1961, 1991, 1994, 1999, 2004
FC Schalke 04 4 7 1937, 1972, 2001, 2002
1. FC Nurnberg 4 2 1935, 1939, 1963, 2007
1. FC Köln 4 6 1968, 1977, 1978, 1983
Eintracht Frankfurt 4 2 1974, 1975, 1981, 1988
Hamburg SV 3 3 1963, 1976, 1987
Borussia Mönchengladbach 3 2 1960, 1973, 1995
VfB Stuttgart 3 1 1954, 1958, 1997
Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 5 1979, 1980
1. FC Kaiserslautern 2 5 1990, 1996
Karlsruher SC 2 2 1955, 1956
Borussia Dortmund 2 2 1965, 1989
Dresdner SC 2 - 1940, 1941
1860 Munich 2 - 1942, 1964
Bayer 04 Leverkusen 1 1 1993
Rot-Weiss Essen 1 1 1953
Bayer 05 Uerdingen 1 - 1985
Hannover 96 1 - 1992
VfB Leipzig 1 - 1936
Kickers Offenbach 1 - 1970
Rapid Wien 1 - 1938
Schwarz-Weiss Essen 1 - 1959
First Vienna FC 1 - 1943
Alemannia Aachen - 3 -
MSV Duisburg - 3 -
VfL Bochum - 2 -
Hertha BSC Berlin - 2 -
Borussia Neunkirchen - 1 -
Energie Cottbus - 1 -
SC Fortuna Köln - 1 -
FSV Frankfurt - 1 -
Hertha BSC Berlin (Amateur team) - 1 -
Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg - 1 -
Stuttgarter Kickers - 1 -
1. FC Union Berlin - 1 -
SV Waldhof Mannheim - 1 -
VfL Wolfsburg - 1 -

East German Cup (1949-1991)

East Germany also had its own national cup: the FDGB Pokal, the cup of the Freie Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund, the association of the East German trade unions. It was introduced in 1949 and awarded annually until 1991 after German reunification in 1990 led to the merger of the football leagues of the two Germanys.

Women's German Cup

Since 1981 women's football clubs have competed for the Women's German Cup (Frauen-DFB-Pokal).

References

External links

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