CPI(ML) Janashakti was based in the revolutionary tradition of Andhra Pradesh, with the mass line developed by Chandrapulla Reddy and T. Nagi Reddy and the combination of legal and illegal methods of struggle. Initially things went well for the party, and in 1994 it won a seat in the Andhra Pradesh assembly (it had launched 13 candidates). A trade union, All India Federation of Trade Unions, and a peasants movement were built up. But the unity didn't last for long. In 1996 a group left the party, and they were later going to form CPI(ML) Unity Initiative (today part of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Kanu Sanyal)). A series of splits followed. Towards the end of the 1990s the party reoriented itself toward the underground struggle, and pulled out of the open mass work.
Today the party is primarily concentrated in Andhra Pradesh, including members in mandals such as Dakkili. The party is split in several fractions, which work with little or without coordination. The main faction is the group led by K. Rajanna. K. Rajanna is the Andhra Pradesh state secretary of the party. The secretary of the party is Amar.
One break-away group is Communist Party of United States of India (also referred to as the Janashakti Veeranna faction).
Another Janashakti faction, the South Regional Provincial Committee, merged with Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) (Chandra Pulla Reddy) on April 11 2004, thus forming the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Janashakti (Chandra Pulla Reddy).
The party conducts armed struggle through dalams. Police sources has claimed that CPI(ML) Janashakti has 200 to 300 armed cadres.