Collection of independent retail stores, services, and parking areas constructed and maintained by a management firm as a unit. It is a 20th-century adaptation of the historical marketplace. In the U.S., postwar migration from cities to suburbs and increased automobile use created a perceived need for centralized shopping facilities. The urban shopping arcade developed out of the need for shelter from the weather; Buffalo, N.Y., and Cleveland, Ohio, have charming trussed and glass-roofed examples. The next generation of shopping malls, the large regional centre sited in a vast sea of parking lots, bears little resemblance to its small, arcaded ancestors. Two of the world's largest malls are the West Edmonton Mall in Alberta, Canada, and the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minn. In recent years large shopping malls have attempted to revive an arcadelike atmosphere, often featuring atriums and balconies.
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There were 80 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 38.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 3.0% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 26.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 116.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,143, and the median income for a family was $29,063. Males had a median income of $24,107 versus $14,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,356. About 4.1% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 26.7% of those sixty five or over.