Plain or tabby weave is the most basic of the three fundamental types of textile weaves. It is strong and hard-wearing, used for fashion and furnishing fabrics.
In plain weave the warp and weft are aligned so that they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, and so on. The next weft thread goes under the warp threads that its neighbor went over, and vice versa. Plain weave is also known as "tabby weave" or "taffeta weave".
- Balanced plain weaves are fabrics in which the warp and weft are made of threads of the same weight (size) and the same number of threads per inch.
- Basketweave is a variation of plain weave in which two or more threads are bundled and then woven as one in the warp or weft, or both.
A balanced plain weave can be identified by its checkerboard-like appearance. It is also known as one-up-one-down weave or over and under pattern.
Some examples of fabric with plain weave are chiffon, organza, and taffeta.
Satin weave and Twill weave are the other two main textile weaves.
- Kadolph, Sara J., ed.: Textiles, 10th edition, Saddle River, New Jersey, Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2007, ISBN 0-13118769-4