Definitions

Pinar del Rio

Pinar del Rio

[pee-nahr thel ree-aw]
Pinar del Rio, province (1994 est. pop. 700,000), W Cuba, the westernmost province of Cuba. Pinar del Rio is the capital. The province, occupying a narrow area, has an irregular and swampy coast; it is mostly level, with one important mountain range, the Cordillera de Guaniguanico. The chief river is the Cuyaguateje. The traditional industry of Pinar del Rio, Cuba's poorest province, is the growing of tobacco, which is cultivated in the Vuelta Abajo region and is among the world's best. Other agricultural products are of limited importance; mines at Matahambre yield copper, and tourism is also important to the economy.
Pinar del Rio, city (1994 est. pop. 118,000), capital of Pinar del Rio prov., W Cuba. It is linked by rail and highway to Havana and is the center of a road network running through the province. The city, founded in 1699, is famous for the tobacco grown in the Vuelta Abajo district. Near the city is the picturesque valley of Viñales.

Pinar del Río is one of the provinces of Cuba. It is at the western end of the island of Cuba.

Geography

The Pinar del Río province contains one of Cuba's three main mountain ranges, the Cordillera de Guaniguanico, divided into the easterly Sierra del Rosario and the westerly Sierra de los Organos. These form a landscape characterised by steep sided limestone hills (called mogotes) and flat, fertile valleys. Such a topographic feature, the Viñales Valley, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The northern coast opens to the great Gulf of Mexico, and is lined by the Colorados Archipelago, a string of cays and isles developed on a reef barrier. The western most point of Cuba, Cabo San Antonio is located on the Guanahacabibes Peninsula, which is a National Park and a Biosphere Reserve.

Economy

The province relies on tobacco farming, with Pinar del Río producing 70% of Cuba's crop, used to make the cigars that are so prized overseas. The best tobacco, used for more expensive cigar brands, is grown in the flat lands of San Juan y Martínez. Tourism in the Viñales Valley is another important part of the economy.

Municipalities

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km²)
Location Remarks
Bahía Honda
Candelaria
Consolación del Sur
Guane
La Palma
Los Palacios
Mantua
Minas de Matahambre
Pinar del Río Provincial capital
San Cristóbal
San Juan y Martínez
San Luis
Sandino
Viñales
Source: Population from 2004 Census. Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.

Famous people from Pinar del Río

Demographics

In 2004, the province of Pinar Del Rio had a population of 730,626. With a total area of , the province had a population density of .

References

External links


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