During the first years, the construction consisted of two rectangular surfaces, which were delimited by rows of oak stakes and the surfaces were placed in an oblique angle. Each rectangle was ca 200 m² and were separated into eight or nine rooms. Most of the rooms had floors of logs. The reconstructions and the additions were partly motivated by fires, and the construction finally measured 1000 m². The construction was connected with the shore by footbridges on both sides.
The size of the pile dwelling indicates that it was a communal work. It was also no fortification, because the stilts are too sparse and pushed into the bottom of the swamp too shallowly. The location in the swamp is also unfit for practical work, and the settlements were located on the arable soil around the swamp.
The ceramics are the same as those of the hunter-gatherer Pitted Ware culture, but tools and weapons are the same as those of the Funnelbeaker culture. The remains of craftmanship are few, and so the tools have been transported to the pile dwelling from the workshops, where they were probably sacrificed to the gods.
Among the most remarkable finds are double edged battle axes, which appear to have played a role in the cult.
Gunborg O. Janzon with Mattias Ahlbeck, Torbjorn Ahlstrom, Goran Skog, Helene Wilhelmson, translated by Alan Crozier. The dolmen in Alvastra.(Book review)
Dec 01, 2010; GUNBORG O. JANZON with MATTIAS AHLBECK, TORBJORN AHLSTROM, GORAN SKOG, HELENE WILHELMSON, translated by ALAN CROZIER. The dolmen...