East Carolina University is a public, coeducational, doctoral/research university located in Greenville, North Carolina, United States. Named East Carolina University by statute and commonly known as ECU or East Carolina, the university is the largest institution of higher learning in eastern North Carolina and the third-largest university in North Carolina. With a Fall 2008 enrollment of 27,947 students, it is the fastest-growing campus in the University of North Carolina system.
The North Carolina General Assembly founded ECU on March 8, 1907 as a teacher training school and selected Greenville as its seat on July 2, 1908 with the first classes beginning in 1909. While East Carolina has historical strengths in education, nursing, business, music, theater, and medicine, it offers over 100 Bachelor degree areas of study including mathematics, hospitality management, engineering, construction management, computer science, exercise physiology, political science, social work,and environmental health.
East Carolina's name changed from East Carolina Teachers Training School (ECTTS) in 1907 to East Carolina Teachers College (ECTC), then East Carolina College (ECC), and finally, in 1967, to East Carolina University (ECU). The change in its name reflects the changed mission. Originally the school was established to train teachers for North Carolina, specifically the eastern part of the state. Today, ECU continues to serve eastern North Carolina in a larger capacity. The medical school brings much needed medical care to the impoverished area. In early August 2007, it was announced that the General Assembly had approved and Governor Easley signed the budget to include $25 Million for a new School of Dentistry. The Small Business Institute, through the College of Business, offers assistance and advice to small business owners. East Carolina has grown from in 1907 to almost today. The university today is located on four properties: main, hospital/health science, west research facility, and the Mattamuskeet field station. The seven undergraduate colleges, two undergraduate schools, graduate school, and one professional school are all located on these four properties. The majority of the non-allied health majors are located on the main campus. The School of Nursing, Brody School of Medicine, and some of the Allied Health majors are located on the hospital/health science campus. There are nine social sororities ,16 social fraternities, four historically black sororities, five historically black fraternities, one Native American fraternity, and one Native American sorority. Along with Greek life, there are over 300 registered clubs on campus.
J.Y. Joyner Library is located on the main campus and holds nearly 1.3 million bound volumes, 2.5 million pieces of microform, 532,000 government documents, more than 24,000 journal subscriptions. Joyner Library is located beside the ECU Mall. The Music Library is a branch of Joyner housing almost 78,000 items. It is located on the first floor of A.J. Fletcher Music Center. Lastly, there is the Laupus Library. It holds 158,457 volumes (print and non–print) and 8,712 current print, non–print, and electronic serial titles.
The liberal arts college at East Carolina University is the Thomas Harriot College of Arts and Sciences. It consists of 16 departments, making it the fourth largest school at East Carolina University, after the College of Education, the College of Technology and Computer Science, and the College of Fine Arts and Communication. The liberal arts college has its roots in the beginning of the University.
The College of Business consists of five undergraduate majors with concentrations in each, plus a Master of Business Administration and Master of Science in Accounting program. The College beginnings came in 1936 when the Department of Commerce was organized. It later changed to the Department of Business Education, and then to the Department of Business. Finally, in 1960, the School of Business was formed. The college undergraduate programs was accredited in 1967, and the graduate programs was accredited in 1976 by The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business. The college is a governing school of the Graduate Management Admission Council. The college runs a Small Business Institute to advise small business owners on how to succeed.
The College of Education is the oldest college at ECU. It houses and administers all of the education majors. There are 14 undergraduate majors in the College. ECU’s College of Education prepares more professionals for North Carolina schools than any other university in the state. The College scored higher than other North Carolina universities when the state board evaluated teacher education programs last year. In addition, the Institution of Higher Education Performance Report showed ECU was first in the number of graduates who were employed in public schools across the state. The college is considered one of the exemplary professional preparation programs according to the North Carolina State Board of Education’s Higher Education Performance Report.
The College of Fine Arts and Communication comprises four schools that range from dance to design and broadcast journalism. The college officially opened on July 1, 2003, but can trace its roots to ECU founding; the school hired art and music professionals in 1907 to train teachers.
The College of Health and Human Performance is made up of three departments and handles all of the recreational and exercise degrees at East Carolina University. It took on its name in 2003, but traces its legacy to the Department of Physical Education in 1930. It was the 1930 East Carolina Teachers College Planning Document number two priority. In 1938, the Department of Physical Education was established and PE became a specialty area for high school teachers. The college now houses the Department of Health Education and promotion, which includes an Environmental Health program, where students are trained in onsite wastewater treatment, public health pest management, air quality, environmental and industrial hygiene. Health departments across the state use the graduates of this program for their staffing needs.
The College of Human Ecology houses four departments and one school along with two institutes. It was first incorporated in 1968 and started to admit students in 1971. "The Carolyn Freeze Baynes Institute for Social Justice is an international forum for addressing questions, presenting ideas, and developing innovations. The Institute's focus in these activities is the identification of injustices and development of more just alternatives through systematic professional research, scholarship, and public presentation of findings and ideas.
The School of Allied Health Sciences encompasses the other health science majors. The school offers over 15 majors. All of the health sciences majors are located in the Allied Health Sciences building which is in the West Campus beside the Brody School of Medicine. It was established in the 1967–68 school year.
The College of Nursing comprises one undergraduate major, Nursing. The school was created in 1959 and now offers Bachelor of Science, Masters, and PhD program. The 100+ faculty teaches the students everything about the nursing field while practicing in the under served Eastern North Carolina. On October 12, 2007, the University of North Carolina Board of Governors permitted the re–designation of the School of Nursing to the College of Nursing.
The Graduate School consist of 69 masters degree, 41 certificate, and 18 doctoral programs. It coordinates the graduate offerings of all departments in the seven colleges and two schools. The college of Health and Human Performance has several excellent graduate programs, including an online (Distance Education) graduate degree in Environmental Health. The School also runs the non–professional degree programs of the professional School of Medicine.The Brody School of Medicine was envisioned in the early 1960s by a group of civic leaders in Eastern North Carolina looking for a way to provide more modern medical care in the East. The School was finally established in 1974. The mission of the school set by the legislators is: "to increase the supply of primary care physicians to serve the state, to improve health status of citizens in eastern North Carolina, and to enhance the access of minority and disadvantaged students to a medical education. One hundred percent of the 290 current students (to be expanded to 325 with the Fall Class of 2007) are North Carolina citizens. The it is the only school in the state that only accepts North Carolina residents.
ECU's graduate program in Maritime Studies is one of the only U.S. programs that grants degrees in the fields of Maritime History and Nautical Archaeology, making the University an important force in those fields.
There are nine social sororities at the East Carolina Campus, all of which own a house located at or near 5th or 10th Street. There are currently 16 social fraternities at East Carolina. The majority are located off or near 5th Street or 10th Street. Of the 16 social fraternities, seven currently do not own a house. Greek life started in 1958 with the introduction of four social fraternities: Kappa Alpha Order, Lambda Chi Alpha, Pi Kappa Alpha, and Theta Chi. Two years later, eight of the nine social sororities were founded.
National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC) has a presence on campus, as well. There are four historically black sororities and five historically black fraternities. There are over 18 honor and 13 service or religious fraternities or sororities at ECU.
ECU's sports teams, nicknamed the Pirates, compete in NCAA Division FBS as a full–member of the 12 team Conference USA. Terry Holland is the Pirate's Athletic Director. Facilities include the 43,000 seat Dowdy-Ficklen Stadium for football, the 8,000–seat Williams Arena at Minges Coliseum for men's and women's basketball, and Clark-LeClair Stadium, with a seating capacity of 3,000 (max capacity of 6,000+ when including outfield "Jungle" areas) for baseball. The Ward Sports Medicine building comprises and houses the athletic department, Pirate Club offices and the Human Performance Laboratory. Athletes train in the Murphy Center a edifice, housing the strength and conditioning facilities, along with banquet rooms, sport memorabilia, and an academic enhancement center. The Murphy Center was built for approximately $13 million and opened its doors to ECU student–athletes in June 2002.
The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina is ranked 9th in the country for primary care physician preparation and fifth in rural medicine by U.S.News & World Report. ECU is currently classified by U.S. News & World Report as a National University (a school conducting significant research and awarding degrees up to the doctoral level) in its fourth-tier rankings—i.e., within the lower 25 percent of schools in the National University category.
Pirate graduates have been influential in teaching, business, and the arts. The most notable teaching alumnus is Ron Clark, a teacher, author, and founder of the Ron Clark Academy in Atlanta, Georgia. Actress Emily Procter and screenwriter Kevin Williamson, creator of Scream and Dawson’s Creek, graduated from East Carolina. Acclaimed screen actress Sandra Bullock attended, but graduated later after leaving to pursue her acting career. Class of 1974 Alumnus Rick Atkinson, Pulitzer Prize winner, wrote An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1942–1943 followed by "The Day of Battle, The War in Sicily, 1943–1944" and Dan Neil wrote criticism on automobiles; both received Pulitzer Prizes. James Maynard graduated with a degree in psychology and founded the Golden Corral restaurant chain. Kelly King is the current chief operating officer for BB&T and graduated with an undergraduate degree in business accounting and a master's of business administration. Jacksonville Jaguars quarterback David Garrard attended where he majored in Construction Management. World Wrestling Entertainment chairman Vincent K. McMahon graduated with a degree in business administration as well.