Pietro Sandro Nenni (February 9, 1891 — January 1, 1980) was an Italian socialist politician, the national secretary of the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) and lifetime Senator since 1970. He was a recipient of the Stalin Peace Prize in 1951.
Early life and career
Born in Faenza
, Nenni was a pacifist
journalist affiliated with the Italian Republican Party
before World War I
, but joined the Socialist Party in 1921, at the moment of its split with the wing that would form the Communist Party
(PCI). In 1923 (after the Fascist March on Rome
, he became the editor of PSI's official voice, Avanti!
, and engaged in anti-Fascist
activism before taking refuge to France
. Nenni went on to fight with the International Brigades
in the Spanish Civil War
, returning to Italy during World War II
in order to fight in the resistance movement
A daughter, Viva, died in Auschwitz. She is memorialized in the writings of Charlotte Delbo.
In 1944, he became the national secretary of the PSI, favoring close ties between his party and the PCI. This policy caused the Giuseppe Saragat
-led anti-Communist wing of the PSI to leave and form the Italian Socialist Workers' Party
in 1947 (later merged into the Italian Democratic Socialist Party
, PSDI). Nenni himself split with the PCI after Soviet Union
's invasion of Hungary
(in 1956). He formed a center-left coalition
together with Saragat, Aldo Moro
and Ugo La Malfa
, and favored a reunion with the PSDI.
He died in Rome in 1980.