Coelenterata is an obsolete long term encompassing two animal phyla, the Ctenophora (comb jellies) and the Cnidaria (coral animals, true jellies, sea anemones, sea pens, and their allies). The taxon name comes from the Greek "koilos" ("hollow"), referring to the hollow body cavity common to these two phyla. They have very simple tissue organization, with only two layers of cells, external and internal.
Complicating the issue is the 1997 work of Lynn Margulis (revising an earlier model by Thomas Cavalier-Smith) that placed the Cnidaria and Ctenophora alone under the Radiata branch of the Eumetazoa subregnum. (The latter refers to all the animals except the sponges, Trichoplax, and the still poorly-understood Mesozoa.) Neither grouping is accepted universally; however, both are commonly encountered in taxonomic literature.
Precious coral fisheries of Hawaii and the U.S. Pacific Islands. (Fisheries of Hawaii and U.S.-associated Pacific Islands.)
Mar 22, 1993; Introduction Precious corals have been used by humans for the fabrication of coral jewelry since antiquity (Grigg, 1989). Along...