Zaïde, reine de Grenade
(Zaïde, Queen of Grenada) is a ballet-héroïque
written by the French Baroque composer Joseph-Nicolas-Pancrace Royer
(c. 1705-1755), to a text by the Abbé de La Marre
Royer’s "sparse but sensuous orchestral textures with flutes and oboes very prominent" have been praised in Zaïde together with "his exuberant choral writing and his fluid treatment of recitative and aria" (Morrison, 2005).
Zaide is also the subject of an unfinished opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart written in 1779 and 1780. It is K. 344 in the catalog of Mozart's works.
was first performed, under the direction of the composer, on 3 September 1739
for the wedding of King Louis XV
's daughter, when it ran for 44 performances, and was revived for the wedding of the dauphin in 1745
, and again for the wedding of Marie Antoinette
. It has been performed in recent years, thanks to a new edition by Lionel Sawkins
Roles and role creators
The plot is quite simple. Queen Zaïde in the Alhambra
has to decide between the love of two rival Moorish princes and chooses the good prince.