Pharnabazus

Pharnabazus

Pharnabazus, d. after 374 B.C., Persian governor. He had an important satrapy in Asia Minor under Darius II and Artaxerxes II. He was responsible for the assassination (404 B.C.) of Alcibiades, and in the same year he supported Artaxerxes in the rebellion of Cyrus the Younger. Pharnabazus and his fellow satrap Tissaphernes encouraged the revival of Persian power in the Greek world by alternately supporting Sparta and Athens in the Peloponnesian War and later. Pharnabazus collaborated (394) with Conon in the restoration of the Athenian fleet. He was in command of two unsuccessful Persian invasions of Egypt (385, 374).
Pharnabazus was a Persian soldier and statesman. He was the son of Pharnaces, son of Pharnabazus, son of Artabazus; his male ancestors had governed the satrapy of Phrygia on the Hellespont from its headquarters at Dascylium since 478 BC. According to a discovery by Theodor Nöldeke, he was descended from Otanes, one of the associates of Darius in the murder of Smerdis. Pharnabazus first appears as satrap of this province in 413 BC, when, having received orders from Darius II to send in the outstanding tribute of the Greek cities on the coast, he, like Tissaphernes of Caria, entered into negotiations with Sparta and began war with Athens. The conduct of the war was much hindered by the rivalry between the two satraps, of whom Pharnabazus was by far the more energetic and upright. After the war he came into conflict with Lysander.

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