Peretz

Peretz

[per-its; Yiddish. pe-rets]
Peretz or Perez, Isaac Loeb, 1852-1915, Jewish poet, novelist, playwright, and lawyer, b. Zamosc, Poland. A voice of the Haskalah, or Jewish Enlightenment, Peretz was often accused of radicalism and once imprisoned for his socialist activities. In his first writings he described the material poverty and spiritual riches of European Jews. His early work was written in Hebrew and most of his later work in Yiddish. All of his writings are imbued with a warm understanding of Jewish life. His finest work is contained in his highly imaginative and sympathetic Hasidic sketches, such as Stories and Pictures (1900-1901, tr. 1906). Selections from his works were published (1947) in Yiddish and English.
or Yitskhok Leybush Perets

(born May 18, 1852, or May 20, 1851, Zamość, Pol., Russian Empire—died April 3, 1915, Warsaw) Polish writer. Peretz wrote prolifically, mostly in Yiddish, bringing to the language both a new expressive force and modernizing influences from western European art and literature. His tales of Hasidic lore (e.g., the Silent Souls series) are elegiac meditations on traditional values that draw material from the lives of impoverished eastern European Jews. Among his works are story collections, including Folktales (1908), the drama The Golden Chain (1909), and articles on many subjects to encourage Jews toward wider secular knowledge.

Learn more about Peretz, I(saac) L(eib) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

or Yitskhok Leybush Perets

(born May 18, 1852, or May 20, 1851, Zamość, Pol., Russian Empire—died April 3, 1915, Warsaw) Polish writer. Peretz wrote prolifically, mostly in Yiddish, bringing to the language both a new expressive force and modernizing influences from western European art and literature. His tales of Hasidic lore (e.g., the Silent Souls series) are elegiac meditations on traditional values that draw material from the lives of impoverished eastern European Jews. Among his works are story collections, including Folktales (1908), the drama The Golden Chain (1909), and articles on many subjects to encourage Jews toward wider secular knowledge.

Learn more about Peretz, I(saac) L(eib) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

The Jewish name Peretz may refer to the following people

Other similar names

  • David Paretz, a Bulgarian painter
  • Perec (a Slavonic name) (occasionally, pronounced faultily like [perek])
  • Pharez used in the Book of Genesis (also written as Peretz, Perets)
  • Perutz
  • Perez and Peres (an Iberian family name, confused by some writers with a similar term meaning 'son of the father' and by others with a patronymic for "child of Peter"). Perez is the Spanish form of the Hebrew family name Peretz. It was adopted as a family name by Spanish Hebrew (Sephardi Jews) families during a time of religious intolerance (1318 c.e.) in Spain. The name is also one of the names of the Messiah in Rabbinic tradition. It is a common family name among descendants of Spanish Jewish families that converted during the Inquisition.

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