Definitions

penuriousness

Tatvas

Tatvas are the 96 qualities or properties of human body according to Akilattirattu Ammanai, the religious book of Ayyavazhi. They are as follows:

Gnanendriya - 5

The organs of sense

  1. The eye - the organ of sight having visible formes as its object.
  2. The ear - the organ of hearing, having sound as its object.
  3. The nose - the organ of smelling, having smell (odors) as its object.
  4. The tongue - the organ of tasting, having flavors as its object.
  5. The surface of the body – the organ of feeling, having touch (contact) as its object.

Kanmendriya - 5

The organs of actions

  1. The mouth (the organ of speech)
  2. The feet
  3. The hands
  4. The anus
  5. The genitals



Thanmaathrai - 5

The archetypes or subtle rudiments of elementary matter, the five elements being resolved into the rudimentary elements of the five senses.

  1. The light
  2. The sound
  3. The taste
  4. The smell
  5. The consciousness

Anthakarana - 4

The intellectual powers

  1. Mana – the organ of thought
  2. Buddhi – the organ of understanding.
  3. Siddham – the power of mind which leads to the accomplishment of objectives.
  4. Aangaram – the organ of excitement.

Naadi - 10

The ten nerves:

  1. Suzhi munai – the nerve passing through six ataras
  2. Idakalai – the nerve beginning from the great toe of the right foot and passing up to the left nostril.
  3. Pinkalai - the nerve beginning from the great toe of the left foot and passing up to the right nostril.
  4. Kanthari – the nerve beginning at the navel and passing to the neck, where it assumes a seven-fold form, being the source of the seven musical tones of the human voice.
  5. Atthi
  6. Siguvai – situated in the region of the eyes forming ten branches, as optical nerves.
  7. Alambudai
  8. Purudan – in the region of the ears forming 120 branches or auditory nerves
  9. Guru – beginning at the naval and reaching to the verenda.
  10. Sangini – situated in the verenda.

Aatara - 6

There are six Ataras

  1. Moolathara
  2. Swadhistana
  3. Manippooraha
  4. Anathaha
  5. Visutthi
  6. Aangna

Thathu - 7

The seven constituents of the body:

  1. The Serum
  2. The Blood
  3. The Semen
  4. The Brain marrow
  5. The Flesh
  6. The Bone
  7. The Skin

Vayu - 10

The ten vital airs of the body

  1. Praanan – situated in the heart
  2. Abaanan - situated in the top of the head and passing downwards
  3. Samaanan - situated in the pit of the throat
  4. Vyaanan – pervading the whole body
  5. Uthaanan - situated in the navel
  6. Naahan – which effects the motions and speech
  7. Koorman – causing horripilation
  8. Kiriharan - seated in the face
  9. Devadatthan – that which is exhaled in yawning
  10. Dhananjeyan – that which remains in the body after the death and escapes by splitting the head.

Kosa - 5

There are five Kosa

  1. Annamaya - The food body
  2. Manomaya - The body composed of mind
  3. Pranamaya - The force vitalizes and holds together the body and the mind
  4. Vijnanamaya - The body composed of intellect
  5. Ananthamaya - The body composed of bliss

Navaduwaram - 9

The apertures to the body

  1. Two eyes
  2. Two ears
  3. Two nostrils
  4. The mouth
  5. The anus
  6. Urinary orifice

Vikara - 8

The eight vices

  1. Lust
  2. Penuriousness
  3. Wrath
  4. Fierce, ungovernable lust
  5. Recklessness
  6. Ostentation
  7. Arrogance
  8. Envy

Mandala - 3

The three regions of the human body

  1. Agni mandala – that of fire in lower abdomen
  2. Aadittha mandala – of the sun in the stomach
  3. Chandra mandala – of the moon in the head and soulders

Pini - 3

The three kinds of temperaments

  1. Flatulency – inducing melancholy.
  2. Bile – bilious distempers.
  3. Phlegm – a phlegmatic temper.

Guna - 3

The three attributes.

  1. Satva guna
  2. Ratchata guna
  3. Thamo guna

Mala - 3

The three evil passions inherent in the soul

  1. Pride
  2. Moral actions
  3. Maya

Avastha - 5

That which shows the place of soul in the body

  1. Sakkiram – Vigilance or the soul in the forehead with all its powers awake and in full force.
  2. Soppanam – dreaming or the soul situated in the neck and its powers suspended or reduced as in dreaming.
  3. Suzhutthi – entire insensibility, the soul situated in the breast and its powers still reduced as in deep sleep, fainting etc.
  4. Thuriyam – the soul sunk to the naval, (abstraction of mind).
  5. Thuriyatheetham – the soul having sunk into the moolatharam and about to depart.

See also

  1. Kaliyan
  2. Ayyavazhi

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