Definitions

Peggy

Peggy

[peg-ee]
Lee, Peggy, 1920-2002, American singer and songwriter, b. Jamestown, N.D., as Norma Deloris Egstrom. Lee became famous for her singular voice—sexy, subtle, simultaneously smoky and cool—and her unique jazz-inflected interpretations of popular tunes. She began singing as a teenager and hit the big time in 1941 when Benny Goodman hired her. She scored her first big hit in 1942 with "Why Don't You Do Right?" Leaving Goodman's band in 1943, she became a solo act and cowrote (with husband Dave Barbour) and performed a number of popular songs including "It's a Good Day" (1947) and the 1948 chart-topper "Mañana." Lee wrote or cowrote more than 200 songs and recorded more than 600, among them the sultry "Fever" (1958) and "Is That All There Is?" (1969), her late-career anthem. Lee was in several films, notably acting in The Jazz Singer (1952) and Pete Kelly's Blues (1955), voiced such animated features as The Lady and the Tramp (1955), appeared on numerous television programs, and continued to perform into the 1990s.

See her autobiography (1989, rev. ed. 2002); chronology by R. Strom (2005); biography by P. Richmond (2006).

Guggenheim, Peggy (Marguerite Guggenheim), 1898-1979, American modern art patron and collector, b. New York City. The daughter of Benjamin, niece of Solomon, and grand-daughter of Meyer Guggenheim, she grew up in luxury, inherited a fortune, and became a friend, patron, and sometime lover to a number of avant-garde artists and writers. She moved to Paris (1930) and then to London, where she opened (1938) Guggenheim Jeune, a gallery showing mainly abstract and surrealist art, e.g., works by Brancusi, Kandinsky, Magritte, and Max Ernst, whom she married (and divorced). World War II impelled her return (1941) to New York, where she opened (1942) Art of This Century, one of the earliest and most important venues for abstract expressionism, a movement whose artists she actively supported. Guggenheim amassed a superb collection of modern art, which was installed in her Venice palazzo when she moved there in 1946. The Peggy Guggenheim Collection is now administered by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation.

See her memoirs (1946 and 1960, combined and updated 1980); biographies by J. B. Weld (1986) and A. Gill (2002); L. Flint, Handbook: The Peggy Guggenheim Collection (1983), L. Tacou-Rumney, Peggy Guggenheim: A Collector's Album (1996).

Fleming, Peggy, 1948-, American ice skater, b. San Jose, Calif. She began skating at age 9, and after distinguished accomplishments as a juvenile and novice skater, she was U.S. Ladies Champion from 1964 to 1968, Olympic champion in 1968, and World Champion in 1966, 1967, and 1968. In 1968 she became a professional ice skater; she retired in 1976. Her style was marked not only by superb technical control but also by an exceptional sense of music and dance. Since retiring from figure skating, she has worked as a skating commentator on televsion.

See her The Long Program (with P. Kaminsky, 1999).

Bacon, Peggy, 1895-1987, American illustrator, caricaturist, and etcher, b. Ridgefield, Conn. She illustrated more than 60 books including works by George Ade, Carl Sandburg, and Louis Untermeyer, as well as her own poems and her stories for children. Her shrewd and caustic observations have found expression in her writings and in her graphic work. Socialist Meeting (Metropolitan Mus.) is characteristic. Among her published works are Off with Their Heads (1934); Cat-Calls (1935), a volume of light verse; and, for children, The Ghost of Opalina (1967) and Magic Touch (1968). Bacon was married (1920-40) to the painter Alexander Brook.
orig. Norma Deloris Egstrom

(born May 26, 1920, Jamestown, N.D., U.S.—died Jan. 21, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif.) U.S. popular singer. She endured a difficult childhood after her mother's early death. Singing with a group in Chicago, she was engaged by Benny Goodman as his principal singer in 1941. She began singing on her own in 1943 and also began collaborating on songs, often with her husband, Dave Barbour, including “Fever,” “Mañana,” and several songs for Walt Disney's Lady and the Tramp (1955). With her smooth, lightly husky voice, usually backed by jazz-influenced arrangements, she produced other hits such as “Lover” and “Is That All There Is?”

Learn more about Lee, Peggy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Marguerite Guggenheim

(born Aug. 26, 1898, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 23, 1979, near Venice, Italy) Art collector and patron of the New York school of artists. Granddaughter of Meyer and Daniel Guggenheim, she inherited a large fortune in 1921. In 1930 she moved to Paris, where she took up a bohemian life, and in 1932 to London. She returned to New York City in 1941, married artist Max Ernst, and in 1942 opened a gallery where she exhibited many of the radical artists she supported, among them Jackson Pollock, Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, and Hans Hofmann. After World War II she settled in Venice and exhibited her outstanding collection of Cubist, abstract, and Surrealist art; the Peggy Guggenheim Collection is still open to the public.

Learn more about Guggenheim, Peggy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 27, 1948, San Jose, Calif., U.S.) U.S. figure skater. She won the first of five consecutive U.S. women's championships when she was 15. She finished first in the world championship three consecutive years (1966–68) and won a gold medal at the 1968 Olympics in Grenoble, France. She was celebrated for her exceptional grace and artistic expression.

Learn more about Fleming, Peggy (Gale) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born July 27, 1948, San Jose, Calif., U.S.) U.S. figure skater. She won the first of five consecutive U.S. women's championships when she was 15. She finished first in the world championship three consecutive years (1966–68) and won a gold medal at the 1968 Olympics in Grenoble, France. She was celebrated for her exceptional grace and artistic expression.

Learn more about Fleming, Peggy (Gale) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Norma Deloris Egstrom

(born May 26, 1920, Jamestown, N.D., U.S.—died Jan. 21, 2002, Los Angeles, Calif.) U.S. popular singer. She endured a difficult childhood after her mother's early death. Singing with a group in Chicago, she was engaged by Benny Goodman as his principal singer in 1941. She began singing on her own in 1943 and also began collaborating on songs, often with her husband, Dave Barbour, including “Fever,” “Mañana,” and several songs for Walt Disney's Lady and the Tramp (1955). With her smooth, lightly husky voice, usually backed by jazz-influenced arrangements, she produced other hits such as “Lover” and “Is That All There Is?”

Learn more about Lee, Peggy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

orig. Marguerite Guggenheim

(born Aug. 26, 1898, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 23, 1979, near Venice, Italy) Art collector and patron of the New York school of artists. Granddaughter of Meyer and Daniel Guggenheim, she inherited a large fortune in 1921. In 1930 she moved to Paris, where she took up a bohemian life, and in 1932 to London. She returned to New York City in 1941, married artist Max Ernst, and in 1942 opened a gallery where she exhibited many of the radical artists she supported, among them Jackson Pollock, Robert Motherwell, Mark Rothko, and Hans Hofmann. After World War II she settled in Venice and exhibited her outstanding collection of Cubist, abstract, and Surrealist art; the Peggy Guggenheim Collection is still open to the public.

Learn more about Guggenheim, Peggy with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Peggy may refer to:

See also

  • Peggy-Ann, a 1926 musical comedy by Rodgers and Hart

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