Born in Norfolk, Nebraska, Martin attended the public schools. He graduated from Riverside (California) Junior College in 1947, the University of California at Berkeley in 1949, and the Hastings College of Law at San Francisco in 1953. Passed the bar and began the practice of law in Riverside, California. He served in the United States Coast Guard from 1943 to 1945, as a radioman.
Martin was elected as a Republican to the Eighty-eighth Congress (January 3, 1963-January 3, 1965). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1964 to the Eighty-ninth Congress. He resumed the practice of law. He died in Long Beach, California, July 18, 1968. He was interred in Arlington National Cemetery.