Definitions

Pasquale

Pasquale

[puh-skwah-lee; It. pahs-kwah-le]
Paoli, Pasquale, 1725-1807, Corsican patriot. He shared the exile (1739-55) of his father, Giacinto Paoli, who had fought against the Genoese rulers of the island. In 1755 he returned to Corsica, led a successful revolt against the Genoese, and was chosen president under a republican constitution. His capital was at Corte. He governed with wide powers, but respected the constitution. Material prosperity, public order, and education were greatly furthered. In 1768, Genoa, despairing of reducing the island to submission, sold Corsica to France. Paoli fought brilliantly against the superior forces of the French, but in 1769 he was decisively defeated and fled to England, where his popularity was great. James Boswell, who had corresponded with him and visited him in Corsica, introduced him into the circle of Samuel Johnson. After the outbreak of the French Revolution, Paoli was appointed (1791) governor of Corsica. He subscribed to the liberal revolutionary principles, but opposed the radical turn the French Revolution took and, especially, the centralizing policy of the Revolutionary government. Accused (1793) of counterrevolutionary activities and summoned to Paris, he proclaimed the independence of Corsica and solicited British aid. With the help of Admiral Hood the French were defeated (1794). The pro-French party was banished and the Corsican national assembly (consulta) declared the island a British protectorate and chose an English governor. Paoli, who favored independence and who had hoped to be appointed viceroy, was disappointed when Pozzo di Borgo became chief of the Corsican council of state. Paoli went to England in 1795 and remained there until his death. After his departure the islanders rose against the British and in 1796 drove them out with French help.

See J. Boswell, Boswell on the Grand Tour, ed. by F. Brady and F. A. Pottle (1955); P. A. Thrasher, Pasquale Paoli (1970).

Villari, Pasquale, 1826-1917, Italian historian and statesman. He took part in the Revolution of 1848, served in the legislative chamber (1867-82), and was minister of education (1889-92). His first work on Savonarola (1859, tr. The History of Girolamo Savonarola and His Times, 1863) gained him an appointment (1859) as teacher of modern history at Pisa. He also taught at Florence. His vivid and keenly observant writings include The Life and Times of Niccolò Machiavelli (3 vol., 1877-82; tr. of 4th ed. 1929); biographies of Dante, Cavour, and Garibaldi; and studies of Galileo and the experimental method and of Sicilian socialism.

See his studies, ed. by L. Villari (1907, repr. 1968).

(born Feb. 28, 1783, Vasto, Kingdom of Naples—died April 24, 1854, London, Eng.) Italian poet, revolutionary, and scholar. A librettist and later curator of a museum in Naples, he was condemned for his spirited verse on contemporary politics and for membership in a revolutionary group. In 1824 he fled to England, where in 1831 he published an eccentric interpretation of Dante, claiming a chiefly political and antipapal meaning in the Divine Comedy. The work led to a post as professor of Italian at King's College, London, from 1831 to 1847. He is best known as the father of four talented children, including Christina Rossetti and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.

Learn more about Rossetti, Gabriele (Pasquale Giuseppe) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 26, 1725, Stretta di Morosaglia, Corsica—died Feb. 5, 1807, London, Eng.) Corsican patriot. Son of Giacinto Paoli, who led the Corsicans against Genoa in 1735, he lived with his father in exile in Naples (1739–55). On his return, he overcame the Genoese faction and was elected to rule Corsica. He suppressed the vendetta system, substituted order and justice, and instituted national schools. He continued the fight for independence, but after France invaded Corsica in 1769 he fled to England, where he lived until 1790. Recalled to Corsica as military commandant, he expelled the French with British naval support (1794) and offered the island's sovereignty to England. He retired to England in 1795.

Learn more about Paoli, Pasquale with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born April 26, 1725, Stretta di Morosaglia, Corsica—died Feb. 5, 1807, London, Eng.) Corsican patriot. Son of Giacinto Paoli, who led the Corsicans against Genoa in 1735, he lived with his father in exile in Naples (1739–55). On his return, he overcame the Genoese faction and was elected to rule Corsica. He suppressed the vendetta system, substituted order and justice, and instituted national schools. He continued the fight for independence, but after France invaded Corsica in 1769 he fled to England, where he lived until 1790. Recalled to Corsica as military commandant, he expelled the French with British naval support (1794) and offered the island's sovereignty to England. He retired to England in 1795.

Learn more about Paoli, Pasquale with a free trial on Britannica.com.

(born Feb. 28, 1783, Vasto, Kingdom of Naples—died April 24, 1854, London, Eng.) Italian poet, revolutionary, and scholar. A librettist and later curator of a museum in Naples, he was condemned for his spirited verse on contemporary politics and for membership in a revolutionary group. In 1824 he fled to England, where in 1831 he published an eccentric interpretation of Dante, claiming a chiefly political and antipapal meaning in the Divine Comedy. The work led to a post as professor of Italian at King's College, London, from 1831 to 1847. He is best known as the father of four talented children, including Christina Rossetti and Dante Gabriel Rossetti.

Learn more about Rossetti, Gabriele (Pasquale Giuseppe) with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Pasquale is an Italian given name and surname and may refer to:

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