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Generally, a partition is a splitting of something into parts. The term is used in a variety of senses:
## Law

## Computing

## Mathematics

## Music

## Film

## Physics

## Political geography

## Furniture

## See also

- Partition (law), to divide up a piece of land into separate portions representing the proportionate interests of the tenants. It may also consist of dividing a property with common ownership into identifiable individual ownership

- Disk partitioning organisation of a disk on PC systems
- RTOS or IMA partitioning: In the case of Integrated Modular Avionics and the use of Real-Time Operating Systems, there are at least four types of partitioning often required: spatial partitioning, temporal partitioning, control partitioning and resource partitioning. Using these techniques, high integrity processes are protected from other, or low integrity, processes.
- Partition (database) division of a database into parts
- Logical partition division of a physical memory into protected areas

- List of partition topics
- Partition of a set, a collection of non-empty subsets such that every element belongs to one and only one of the subsets
- Partition (number theory), a way to write a positive integer as a sum of other positive integers; the partition function gives the number of different ways to partition a number
- Multiplicative partition, a way to write an integer greater than 1 as a product of other integers that are also greater than 1.
- Partition problem, an NP-complete problem: given a set of integers, can the set be partitioned into two subsets with equal sums?
- A partition of unity is a set of functions whose sum is the constant function
- Partition of an interval, used in the theory of the Riemann integral and the Riemann-Stieltjes integral

- Partition (music) — a method of creating segments from sets when the twelve-tone technique is used

Notable examples are:

- Partitions of Poland and Poland-Lithuania in the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries
- 1905 Partition of Bengal and 1947 Partition of Bengal
- Partition of India (colonial British India) in 1947 into the independent dominions (later republics) of India and Pakistan (which included modern day Bangladesh)
- Partition of Punjab in 1966 into the states of Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh
- Partition of Pakistan in 1971, when East Pakistan became the independent nation of Bangladesh after the Bangladesh Liberation War
- 1947 UN Partition Plan for Palestine (region)
- Partition of Ireland in 1920 into the independent Irish Free State and (British) Northern Ireland
- Treaty of Kars of 1921, which partitioned Ottoman Armenia between the republic of Turkey and the then Soviet Union (Western and Eastern Armenia)
- Partition of Vietnam in 1954
- Partitions of Luxembourg, last in 1838 into Duchy of Luxembourg and Belgian province
- The hypothetical partition of the Canadian province of Quebec

- Office partitions, which may be used to form cubicles
- Folding screens such as Byōbu
- Industrial partitions generally constructed of wire mesh panels. These wire partitions are used to separate and/or secure different zones within an industrial manufacturing or distribution facility.

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Last updated on Friday September 26, 2008 at 09:36:51 PDT (GMT -0700)

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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.

Last updated on Friday September 26, 2008 at 09:36:51 PDT (GMT -0700)

View this article at Wikipedia.org - Edit this article at Wikipedia.org - Donate to the Wikimedia Foundation

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