Two parallel bars
form an artistic gymnastics
apparatus only used by male gymnasts
. The bars are supported by a metal
frame. The bars are made of wood
or composite material
. Routines consist of a wide variety of different skills through which the gymnast must meet specific requirements. A typical performance on parallel bars will involve swinging skills in a support position (on the hands), a hanging position, and an upper arm position; by manipulating each of these swings, a gymnast is capable of performing a variety of flips and turns. Additionally, parallel bar routines sometimes feature a strength or static hold skill. Finally, each routine ends with an impressive dismount which can be performed off the ends of the bars or off the side of the apparatus. A common, simple dismount is a back off where a gymnast begins by swinging forward in a front support between the bars and executes a backflip that travels laterally over one of the bars to a stand next to the apparatus.
Measures of the apparatus are published by the FIG
in the Apparatus Norms
- Height 200 cm (including about 20 cm landing mats)
- Length 350 cm
- Distance between the bars 42 cm to 52 cm (adjustable)
- Parallel bars is a gymnastics apparatus.
The elements on parallel bars are regulated in Code of Points