The common panel beater will work on everyday vehicles, cars, vans, 4WDs for example. Specialised areas include repairs to motorcycles, trucks and even aircraft. Some panel beaters also work exclusively on vehicle restorations, and do not repair smash work at all.
Training to become a panel beater is done by completing a trade apprenticeship. For the most part these apprenticeships are around four years long, but can be completed earlier. These usually consist of three years on the job training mixed with schooling at a trade school or TAFE. The fourth year is usually on the job training alone.
Special equipment examples:
Various hammers and dollies used to planishing.
Body files and flippers.
Assembly tools such as socket sets, screwdrivers and spanners.
Other hand tools like pliers, tin snips, vise grips, punches, chisels, etc.
Hydraulic pushing/pulling devices.
Vehicle measuring and aligning devices, eg. Car-O-Liner
Vehicle lift hoists. Personal safety equipment such as boots, overalls, safety glasses, respirators and hearing protection.