Peter Edward "Pete" Rose, Sr. (born April 14, 1941, in Cincinnati, Ohio), nicknamed Charlie Hustle, is a former player and manager in Major League Baseball. Rose played from to , best known for his many years with the Cincinnati Reds. Rose, a switch hitter, is the all-time Major League leader in hits (4,256), games played (3,562), at bats (14,053), and outs (10,328). He won three World Series rings, three batting titles, one Most Valuable Player Award, two Gold Gloves, the Rookie of the Year Award, and made 17 All-Star appearances at an unequaled five different positions (2B, LF, RF, 3B, and 1B).
Rose's nickname, "Charlie Hustle", was given to him for his unique playing style. Even when being walked, Rose would sprint to first base, instead of the traditional trot to the base. Rose was known for sliding headfirst into a base, his signature move. This method is now used almost exclusively by stealing base runners today, and has been ever since the late 70's.
In August 1989, three years after he retired as an active player, Rose agreed to permanent ineligibility from baseball amidst accusations that he gambled on baseball games while playing for and managing the Reds; some accusations claimed that he bet on, and even against, the Reds. After years of public denial, in 2004, he admitted to betting on, but not against, the Reds (there has never been any evidence that he ever bet against the Reds). After Rose's ban was instated, the Baseball Hall of Fame formally voted to ban those on the "permanently ineligible" list from induction. Previously, those who were banned (most notably, Shoeless Joe Jackson) had been excluded by informal agreement among voters. The issue of Rose's possible re-instatement and election to the Hall of Fame remains a contentious one throughout baseball.
Two of Rose's children have lived public lives. Kara has worked as a television actress, appearing as a regular in the first season of the soap opera Passions and playing a recurring role on Melrose Place. She uses the stage name "Chea Courtney.
His oldest son, Pete Rose Jr., spent 16 years as a minor league baseball player, advancing to the majors once for an 11-game stint with the Cincinnati Reds in 1997. In his first Major League at-bat, Pete Jr. paid tribute to his father by imitating Pete Sr.'s famous batting stance. He currently resides in Florida.
Rose's next move was Macon, Georgia, where he hit .330, leading the league in triples and runs scored. During a spring training game against the Chicago White Sox in , the Reds' regular second baseman, Don Blasingame, pulled a groin muscle; Rose got his chance and made the most of it. During another spring training game against the New York Yankees, Whitey Ford gave him the derisive nickname "Charlie Hustle" after Rose sprinted to first base after drawing a walk. Despite (or perhaps because of) the manner in which Ford intended it, Rose adopted that nickname as a badge of honor. In Ken Burns' documentary Baseball, Mickey Mantle claimed that Ford gave Rose the nickname after Rose, playing in left field, made an effort to climb the fence to try to catch a Mantle home run that everyone could see was headed over everything.
Rose made his Major League debut on April 8, 1963 (Opening Day) against the Pittsburgh Pirates and drew a walk. On April 13, Rose – who was 0-for-11 at the time – got his first Major League hit, a triple off Pittsburgh's Bob Friend. He hit .273 for the year and won the National League Rookie of the Year Award, collecting 17 of 20 votes.
On April 23, 1964, in the top of the ninth inning of a scoreless game in Colt Stadium, Rose reached first base on an error and scored on another error to make Houston Colt .45s rookie Ken Johnson the first pitcher to lose a complete game no-hitter. However, he slumped late in the season, was benched, and finished with just a .269 average.
Rose came back in to lead the league in hits (209) and at-bats (670), and hit .312, the first of his 10 seasons with 200-plus hits and the first of 9 consecutive .300 seasons. He hit a career-high 16 home runs in , then switched positions from second base to right field the following year. In , Rose started the season with a 22-game hit streak, missed three weeks (including the All-Star Game) with a broken thumb, then had a 19-game hit streak late in the season. He had to finish the season 6-for-9 to beat out Matty Alou and win the first of two close NL batting-title races with a .335 average.
Rose had his best offensive season in , leading the league in batting for the second straight season (.348) and also pacing the league in runs with 120. As the Reds' leadoff man he was the team's catalyst, rapping 218 hits and walking 88 times. He hit 33 doubles, 11 triples, and a career-best 16 homers. He drove in 82 runs, slugged .512 (by far the highest mark of his long career), and had a .432 OBP (also a career best). But the Reds finished four games out of first, and Rose lost the MVP award to Willie McCovey. Rose and Roberto Clemente were tied for the batting title going into the final game; Rose bunted for a base hit in his last at-bat of the season to beat out Clemente.
In , Rose won his third and final batting title with a .338 average, collected a career-high 230 hits and was named the NL MVP. The Reds ended up losing the National League Championship Series to the Mets despite Rose’s eighth-inning home run to tie Game One and his 12th-inning home run to win Game Four. During Game Three of the series, Rose got into a fight with the popular Mets shortstop Bud Harrelson while trying to break up a double play; the fight resulted in a bench-clearing brawl. The game was nearly called off when, after the Reds took the field, fans threw objects from the stands at Rose, causing the Reds team to leave the field until order was restored.
He would eventually tie Willie Keeler's single season National League record at 44 games; but on August 1, the streak came to an end as Gene Garber of the Braves struck out Rose in the ninth inning. The competitive Rose was sour after the game, blasting Garber and the Braves for treating the situation "like it was the ninth inning of the 7th game of the World Series" and adding that "Phil Niekro would have given me a fastball to hit.
|1||06-14-1978||Dave Roberts||Chicago Cubs||2||0|
|2||06-16-1978||John Denny||St. Louis Cardinals||2||1|
|3||06-17-1978||Pete Vukovich||St. Louis Cardinals||2||0|
|4||06-18-1978||Silvio Martinez||St. Louis Cardinals||1||0|
|5||06-20-1978||John Montefusco||San Francsico Giants||2||1|
|6||06-21-1978||Ed Halicki||San Francisco Giants||1||0|
|7||06-22-1978||Bob Knepper||San Francisco Giants||1||0|
|8||06-23-1978||Burt Hooton||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||0|
|9||06-24-1978||Bob Welch||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||0|
|10||06-25-1978||Tommy John||Los Angeles Dodgers||2||0|
|11||06-26-1978||Mark Lemongello||Houston Astros||1||0|
|12||06-27-1978||Joe Niekro||Houston Astros||1||0|
|13||06-28-1978||Tom Dixon||Houston Astros||1||0|
|14||06-29-1978||Floyd Bannister||Houston Astros||1||1|
|15||06-30-1978||Lance Rautzhan||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||0|
|16||06-30-1978||Bob Welch||Los Angeles Dodgers||3||0|
|17||07-01-1978||Rick Rhoden||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||1|
|18||07-02-1978||Doug Rau||Los Angeles Dodgers||1||1|
|19||07-03-1978||Floyd Bannister||Houston Astros||3||1|
|20||07-04-1978||J.R. Richard||Houston Astros||1||0|
|21||07-05-1978||Joe Niekro||Houston Astros||1||0|
|22||07-07-1978||Vida Blue||San Francisco Giants||3||0|
|23||07-07-1978||Jim Barr||San Francisco Giants||1||0|
|24||07-08-1978||John Montefusco||San Francisco Giants||1||0|
|25||07-09-1978||Ed Halicki||San Francisco Giants||3||0|
|26||07-13-1978||Jerry Koosman||New York Mets||2||1|
|27||07-14-1978||Pat Zachry||New York Mets||2||0|
|28||07-15-1978||Craig Swan||New York Mets||1||0|
|29||07-16-1978||Paul Siebert||New York Mets||1||1|
|30||07-17-1978||Stan Bahnsen||Montreal Expos||1||0|
|31||07-18-1978||Hal Dues||Montreal Expos||2||1|
|32||07-19-1978||Ron Reed||Philadelphia Phillies||1||0|
|33||07-20-1978||Jim Kaat||Philadelphia Phillies||1||0|
|34||07-21-1978||Ross Grimsley||Montreal Expos||1||0|
|35||07-22-1978||Dan Schatzeder||Montreal Expos||1||0|
|36||07-22-1978||Steve Rogers||Montreal Expos||2||1|
|37||07-24-1978||Pat Zachry||New York Mets||1||0|
|38||07-25-1978||Craig Swan||New York Mets||3||1|
|39||07-26-1978||Nino Espinosa||New York Mets||1||1|
|40||07-28-1978||Randy Lerch||Philadelphia Phillies||1||1|
|41||07-28-1978||Steve Carlton||Philadelphia Phillies||1||0|
|42||07-29-1978||Jim Lonborg||Philadelphia Phillies||3||0|
|43||07-30-1978||Larry Christenson||Philadelphia Phillies||2||0|
|44||07-31-1978||Phil Niekro||Atlanta Braves||1||0|
Pete bounced back in a big way during the Postseason, batting .375 (6-for-16) during the N.L. Playoffs against the Los Angeles Dodgers, and .312 in the World Series for the Phillies (5-for-16). Rose collected only 1 hit in his first 8 at-bats in the first two games in Baltimore against the 1983 A.L. Champions. Pete found himself benched for game three back in Philadelphia, and would ground out in a pinch-hitting appearance. Worse yet, Rose showed some unsportsmanlike attitude toward his own manager, Paul Owens, but complaining about his benching. Yet, the next day, he started hitting the baseball again in Charlie Hustle style, collecting 4 hits in his last 7 at-bats. Still, the Phillies lost decisively to the Orioles in the '83 World Series, 4 games to 1.
On September 11, 1985, Rose broke Ty Cobb’s all-time hits record with his 4,192nd hit, a single to left-center field off San Diego Padres pitcher Eric Show. According to its Web site, MLB.com, Major League Baseball continues to recognize Cobb's final hit total as 4,191, though independent research has revealed that two of Cobb's hits were counted twice. Because of this, it has been suggested that Rose actually broke Cobb's record against the Cubs' Reggie Patterson with a single in the first inning of a Reds' 5-5 called game against Chicago on September 8. Because Rose broke Cobb's record, ABC's Wide World of Sports named Rose as its Athlete of the Year that year. Rose accumulated a total of 4,256 hits before his final career at-bat, a strikeout against San Diego’s Goose Gossage on August 17, 1986. On November 11, Rose was dropped from the Reds’ 40-man roster to make room for pitcher Pat Pacillo, and he unofficially retired as a player. "Charlie Hustle" finished with an incredible number of Major League and National League records that will last for many years. Rose, always proud of his ability to hit .300 or better in 15 of his 24 playing seasons, has a lifetime .303 Batting Average.
On April 30, 1988 during a home game against the New York Mets, Rose shoved umpire Dave Pallone while arguing a disputed call at first base in the 9th inning. Rose claimed that Pallone had scratched him in the face during the argument, which provoked the push. Regardless, National League president A. Bartlett Giamatti suspended Rose for 30 days, which was the longest suspension ever levied for an on-field incident involving a manager. The shove caused a near-riot at Riverfront Stadium, and fans showered the field with debris.
Ironically, the length of the suspension allowed Rose to undergo and fully recuperate from badly needed knee surgery.
Rose was the manager when Tom Browning posted his perfect game at Riverfront Stadium on September 16, 1988, the first one pitched in the National League since Sandy Koufax pitched one in . Coincidentally, it was against the Los Angeles Dodgers, Koufax's old team.
Dowd interviewed many of Rose's associates, including alleged bookies and bet runners. He delivered a summary of his findings to the Commissioner in May, a document which became known as the Dowd Report. In it, Dowd documented Rose's alleged gambling activities in 1985 and 1986 and compiled a day-by-day account of Rose's alleged betting on baseball games in 1987. The Dowd Report documented his alleged bets on 52 Reds games in , where Rose wagered a minimum of $10,000 a day. Others involved in the allegations claim that number was actually $2,000 a day.
According to the Dowd Report itself, "no evidence was discovered that Rose bet against the Reds. This is in contrast to the case of "Shoeless" Joe Jackson and his teammates in the Black Sox Scandal, who were accused of intentionally losing the 1919 World Series.
Rose continued to deny all of the accusations against him and refused to appear at a hearing with Giamatti on the matter. He filed a lawsuit alleging that the Commissioner had prejudged the case and could not provide a fair hearing. A Cincinnati judge issued a temporary restraining order to delay the hearing, but Giamatti fought to have the case moved to Federal Court. The Commissioner prevailed in that effort, after which he and Rose entered settlement negotiations.
On August 24, 1989, Rose voluntarily accepted a permanent place on baseball’s ineligible list. Rose accepted that there was a factual reason for the ban; in return, Major League Baseball agreed to make no formal finding with regard to the gambling allegations. According to baseball's rules, Rose could apply for reinstatement in one year. Rose, with a 412-373 record, was replaced as Reds manager by Tommy Helms. Rose began therapy with a psychiatrist for treatment of a gambling addiction.
Rose's ban has prevented the Reds from formally retiring his #14 jersey. However, aside from his son Pete Jr.'s brief stint with the team in , the Reds have not issued that number since Rose's ban. Even though the number has not been retired, it is highly unlikely that any Red will ever wear that number again. His uniform number 14 was retired by the Cincinnati Cyclones of the East Coast Hockey League.The Phillies retired the number 14, in honor of Jim Bunning, therefore, no Phillie will ever wear that number again.
In a December 2002 interview, investigator Dowd stated that he believed that Rose may have bet against the Reds while managing them. However, his official report states "no evidence was discovered that Rose bet against the Cincinnati Reds."
A web site claiming to be dedicated to the integrity of the game , has sought to draw a correlation between the lifetime ban of Pete Rose and the alleged use of performance-enhancing drugs by other players and has taken the purely rhetorical stand that if Rose is not reinstated, despite his admission of gambling on baseball, then players accused of using steroids should also be declared permanently ineligible.
Jim Gray: Pete, now let me ask you. It seems as though there is an opening, the American public is very forgiving. Are you willing to show contrition, admit that you bet on baseball and make some sort of apology to that effect?
Pete Rose: Not at all, Jim. I'm not going to admit to something that didn't happen. I know you're getting tired of hearing me say that. But I appreciate the ovation. I appreciate the American fans voting me on the All-Century Team. I'm just a small part of a big deal tonight.
JG: With the overwhelming evidence in that report, why not make that step...
PR: No. This is too much of a festive night to worry about that because I don't know what evidence you're talking about. I mean, show it to me...
JG: Pete, those who will hear this tonight will say you have been your own worst enemy and continue to be. How do you respond to that?
PR: In what way are you talking about?
JG: By not acknowledging what seems to be overwhelming evidence.
PR: Yeah, I'm surprised you're bombarding me like this. I mean I'm doing an interview with you on a great night, a great occasion, a great ovation. Everybody seems to be in a good mood. And you're bringing up something that happened 10 years ago ... This is a prosecutor's brief, not an interview, and I'm very surprised at you.
JG: Some would be surprised that you didn't take the opportunity.
Many people were outraged over Gray's aggressive questioning, feeling that it detracted from the ceremony; in protest, New York Yankees outfielder Chad Curtis refused to speak with Gray after his game-winning home run in Game 3. Others felt that given the dichotomy of Rose's banishment from baseball but his inclusion on the All-Century Team, the questions were appropriate. Earlier that season, Rose had been ranked at number 25 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Baseball Players.
Nevertheless, despite MLB's official ban on Rose, it was willing — perhaps cynically — to ask him to participate in commercial promotions like the All-Century Team that benefited MLB while refusing to allow him to participate in local events in Cincinnati such as the 25th anniversary reunion of the Big Red Machine, the closing of Cinergy Field, and the opening of the Great American Ballpark.
In addition to these three appearances, he appeared in a Halloween-themed commercial for WWE's No Mercy event in 2002 and was chokeslammed by Kane. In 2004, Rose was inducted into the "Celebrity Wing" of the WWE Hall of Fame. He was the first celebrity to go into the Hall, and was inducted at a ceremony prior to WrestleMania XX.
Rose was mentioned in the 1981 Jimmy Buffett song "Growing Older But Not Up," in the lyrics, "I'm no Pete Rose/I can't pretend/While my mind is quite flexible/These brittle bones won't bend."
In the Family Guy episode Sibling Rivalry, when Stewie goes to play in the park, he goes to play on the jungle gym only to be confronted by a little boy. He remarks, “Hey, where’d you get the Pete Rose hair cut?” He then knees the boy in the crotch.
In an episode of Married... With Children, Al tries to tell Peggy about Jefferson's checkered past. Not wanting to say it directly, he hints "What do Jefferson, Pete Rose and your cousin all have in common?", to which Peggy responds "They've all been to prison!"
In an episode of The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air entitled "Courting Disaster", Will Smith is joining the school basketball team when his uncle, Philip, says "Nothing like an organized sport to straighten a kid out," when the butler, Geoffrey, says "Yes, it did wonders for Pete Rose."
In the sport of wakeboarding, there is a trick named "Pete Rose". The rider who invented the trick said he would "slide like Pete Rose" upon crashing while trying to learn the trick.
On an episode of The King of Queens entitled "Sold-y Locks," Carrie catches Doug talking to Robert Goulet about her new hair cut. When Carrie asks Robert what Doug said about her hair, Robert responds, "He said you look like Pete Rose." Doug defends himself by saying "He was the all time hits leader!"