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paleo-american

Cedar Park, Texas

Cedar Park is a city in Travis and Williamson Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. From a population of 5,161 in 1990, Cedar Park grew to a population of 26,049 at the 2000 census. As of 2008, the population is estimated to be around 52,721, making it the seventh-fastest growing city in the United States. The city is a major suburb of Austin. The center of Austin is approximately 16 miles to the southeast, although Austin directly borders Cedar Park at the latter's southern extent.

History

Before the arrival of European settlers in the 1800s, the Cedar Park area was inhabited by various Native American tribes: the Tonkawa, Lipan-Apache, and Commanche. A major paleo-American archaeological site (Wilson-Leonard site) was discovered in Cedar Park in the early 1980s that proved the continual habitation of the area for over 10,000 years.

The community of Cedar Park started as a Railroad stop on the Austin & Northwest Railroad - which connected the state capitol with the cities of Burnet and Lampasas to the north. The community was initially named Bruggerhoff, after a railroad official. However, the name was generally disliked by locals (being both hard to spell and pronounce), and in the 1890's Emmitt Cluck changed the name to Cedar Park.

In 1892, a half-acre "strolling" park was built near the train depot. In the late 1800s Austinites would make day trips to the train depot/park in Cedar Park.

Geography

Cedar Park is located at (30.506620, -97.830317). It lies mostly in Williamson County, although a small amount extends into Travis County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.1 square miles (44.3 km²), of which, 17.0 square miles (44.0 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.4 km²) of it (0.88%) is water.

Demographics and Government

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,049 people, 8,621 households, and 7,155 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,535.0 people per square mile (592.7/km²). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 525.3/sq mi (202.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.41% White, 3.32% African American, 0.34% Native American, 2.61% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 5.10% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.50% of the population.

There were 8,621 households out of which 52.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.3% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.0% were non-families. 12.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 33.5% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 40.3% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $67,527, and the median income for a family was $70,587. Males had a median income of $49,657 versus $32,039 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,767. About 3.0% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

In June 2006, the city estimated its population to be approximately 42,000.

Cedar Park is generally bisected north and south by U.S. Highway 183. A second north-south route, the 183A toll road, opened to traffic on March 15, 2007. Other recent developments include a major hospital (Cedar Park Regional, which opened in early 2008) and 1890 Ranch, a shopping/dining/entertainment complex which opened in October 2007.

Cedar Park was incorporated in 1973 with a Council-Manager system of local government. As of May 2006, Cedar Park City Council members are as follows:

Mayor: Robert S. Lemon

Place 1: Matt Powell

Place 2: Stephen Berry

Place 3: Scott Mitchell

Place 4: Melissa Beaudoin

Place 5: Stephen Thomas

Place 6: Cobby Caputo (Mayor Pro-Tem)

The seven members serve two year terms. The mayor and council members place two, place four and place six are elected on even years. Council members place one, place three and place five are elected on odd years.

Sports

The Texas Stars will begin American Hockey League play in 2009 or 2010 in the under-construction Cedar Park Entertainment Center.

Education

Cedar Park is served by the Leander Independent School District. The city is home to the Cedar Park High School Timberwolves and the Vista Ridge High School Rangers.

External links

References

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