painted nettle

Solenostemon scutellarioides

Solenostemon scutellarioides is a species of perennial plant. Common names include Coleus or Painted Nettle.

The Coleus plant has very colorful foliage and is popular as a houseplant and in gardens. Its geographic origin is Southeast Asia and Malaysia. The roots of coleus contain the diterpene forskolin, which activates adenylate cyclase to produce actions such as vasodilation. It is known from ancient times, where it served as a stand in for Salvia divinorum, in shamanistic rituals. The effects resembles those of psilocybin, which is found in psilocybian mushrooms. Not much research has been done on the psychoactive chemicals within the plant, and it is not often used for recreational purpose. The plant has various names, including "Coleus blumei".


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