; Skt.: pravrajya
) literally means "to go forth" and refers to when a layperson
leaves home to live the life of a Buddhist renunciate among a community
of monks (bhikkhus
). This generally involves preliminary ordination as a novice (m. samanera
, f. samaneri
). It is sometimes referred to as "lower ordination." After a period of time or when the novice reaches 20 years of age, the novice can be considered for the upasampada
ordination (or "higher ordination") whereby the novice becomes a monk (bhikkhu
) or nun (bhikkhuni
In some traditional Theravada countries, such as Myanmar, boys undergo pabbajja at the age of puberty. In Mahayana countries such as China and Japan, the pabbajja is preceded by a probationary period.
- Encyclopædia Britannica (2007a). "Pabbajja." Retrieved 26 Sept 2007 from "Encyclopædia Britannica Online" at http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9057892.
- Encyclopædia Britannica (2007b). "Upasampada." Retrieved 26 Sept 2007 from "Encyclopædia Britannica Online" at http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9074384.